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Analysis of the 1,042,519-base pair Chlamydia trachomatis genome revealed unexpected features related to the complex biology of chlamydiae. Although chlamydiae lack many biosynthetic capabilities, they retain functions for performing key steps and interconversions of metabolites obtained from their mammalian host cells. Numerous potential(More)
Asian swamp eel is a highly commercial fish, primarily for China and other Asian countries. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the genetic diversity of wild and cultured samples of Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus using ISSR markers. A total of 129 individuals belonging to three wild samples, Xiantao (XT), Huanggang (HG), Xinyang (XY) and three cultured(More)
Most plant-microbe interactions do not result in disease; natural products restrict non-host pathogens. We found that sulforaphane (4-methylsulfinylbutyl isothiocyanate), a natural product derived from aliphatic glucosinolates, inhibits growth in Arabidopsis of non-host Pseudomonas bacteria in planta. Multiple sax genes (saxCAB/F/D/G) were identified in(More)
We consider the minimum error entropy (MEE) criterion and an empirical risk minimization learning algorithm when an approximation of Rényi's entropy (of order 2) by Parzen windowing is minimized. This learning algorithm involves a Parzen windowing scaling parameter. We present a learning theory approach for this MEE algorithm in a regression setting when(More)
For a given block length sequences of the underlying Tanner graph (TG), the short circles of low-density parity check (LDPC) codes can have considerable variation in performance. By analyzing the shapes of the cycles of TG in parity check matrix, this paper presents a method of counting the number of 4-cycles, 6-cycles, 8-cycles and 10-cycles. Taking out a(More)
— Via structures in multi-layer printed circuit boards (PCBs) and packages are studied using an equivalent transmission line model. Thus, transmission line theories, such as characteristic impedance and propagation constant, can be used to characterize the performance of via structures in a signal path. The closed-form expressions of R, L, G, C parameters(More)
3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HAD, EC 1.1.1.35) is a homodimeric enzyme localized in the mitochondrial matrix, which catalyzes the third step in fatty acid β-oxidation. The crystal structures of human HAD and subsequent complexes with cofactor/substrate enabled better understanding of HAD catalytic mechanism. However, numerous human diseases were found(More)
Compositional lipid microdomains ("lipid rafts") in plasma membranes are believed to be important components of many cellular processes. The biophysical mechanisms by which cells regulate the size, lifetime, and spatial localization of these domains are rather poorly understood at the moment. Over the years, experimental studies of raft formation have(More)
A newly emerged H7N9 virus has caused 132 human infections with 37 deaths in China since 18 February 2013. Control measures in H7N9 virus-positive live poultry markets have reduced the number of infections; however, the character of the virus, including its pandemic potential, remains largely unknown. We systematically analyzed H7N9 viruses isolated from(More)