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We consider a class of finite-state Markov channels with feedback. We first introduce a simplified equivalent channel model, and then construct the optimal stationary and nonstationary input processes that maximize the long-term directed mutual information. Furthermore, we give a sufficient condition under which the channel's Shannon capacity can be(More)
Proteins in the B cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family are key regulators of the apoptotic process. This family comprises proapoptotic and prosurvival proteins, and shifting the balance toward the latter is an established mechanism whereby cancer cells evade apoptosis. The therapeutic potential of directly inhibiting prosurvival proteins was unveiled with the(More)
Overexpression of the prosurvival Bcl-2 family members (Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Mcl-1) is commonly associated with tumor maintenance, progression, and chemoresistance. We previously reported the discovery of ABT-737, a potent, small-molecule Bcl-2 family protein inhibitor. A major limitation of ABT-737 is that it is not orally bioavailable, which would limit(More)
Hepatotoxic microcystins (MCs) are the most commonly reported cyanotoxins in eutrophic freshwaters. In 1996, human intoxications by MCs caused deaths of 76 patients at Caruaru dialysis centers in Brazil. So far, there have been no direct evidences of MC occurrence in human tissue in consequence of exposure to MC. In this study, we improved cleanup(More)
This study investigated the effects of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on chlorophyll concentration, lipid peroxidation, Cd uptake, antioxidative capacity, and type-2 metallothionein gene (KoMT2) expression in the leaves of Kandelia obovata seedlings exposed to Cd stress. Deleterious effects, including decreased chlorophyll content and increased malondialdehyde(More)
We consider a distributed source coding system in which several observations must be encoded separately and communicated to the decoder by using limited transmission rate. We introduce a robust distributed coding scheme which flexibly trades off between system robustness and compression efficiency. The optimality of this coding scheme is proved for various(More)
This is the first to conduct simultaneous determination of microcystin (MC) contaminations in multi-groups of vertebrates (fish, turtle, duck and water bird) from Lake Taihu with Microcystis blooms. MCs (-RR, -YR, -LR) in Microcystis scum was 328 microg g(-1) DW. MCs reached 235 microg g(-1) DW in intestinal contents of phytoplanktivorous silver carp, but(More)
— We consider a distributed sensor network in which several observations are communicated to the fusion center using limited transmission rate. The observation must be separately encoded so that the target can be estimated with minimum average distortion. We address the problem from an information theoretic perspective and establish the inner and outer(More)
Abundantly expressed in pain-sensing neurons, TRPV1, TRPA1 and TRPM8 are major cellular sensors of thermal, chemical and mechanical stimuli. The function of these ion channels has been attributed to their selective permeation of small cations (e.g., Ca2+, Na+ and K+), and the ion selectivity has been assumed to be an invariant fingerprint to a given(More)