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Geckos with adhesive toe pads rapidly climb even smooth vertical surfaces. We challenged geckos (Hemidactylus garnotii) to climb up a smooth vertical track that contained a force platform. Geckos climbed vertically at up to 77 cm s(-1) with a stride frequency of 15 Hz using a trotting gait. During each step, whole body fore-aft, lateral and normal forces(More)
Hepatotoxic microcystins (MCs) are the most commonly reported cyanotoxins in eutrophic freshwaters. In 1996, human intoxications by MCs caused deaths of 76 patients at Caruaru dialysis centers in Brazil. So far, there have been no direct evidences of MC occurrence in human tissue in consequence of exposure to MC. In this study, we improved cleanup(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled study to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of ureteral stenting after ureteroscopic lithotripsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 60 patients who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy were equally randomized into a stented or a nonstented group. The inclusion criteria were stone 6 to 10(More)
OBJECTIVE Prior reports document macrophage and lymphocyte infiltration with proinflammatory cytokine expression in pathologic intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues. Nevertheless, the role of the Th17 lymphocyte lineage in mediating disc disease remains uninvestigated. We undertook this study to evaluate the immunophenotype of pathologic IVD specimens,(More)
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of solifenacin on double-J stent-related symptoms following uncomplicated ureterosocpic lithotripsy (URSL). A total of 70 patients who underwent double-J ureteral stent insertion following URSL were consecutively recruited and received solifenacin postoperatively. Another 70 age- and sex-matched(More)
This study investigated the effects of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on chlorophyll concentration, lipid peroxidation, Cd uptake, antioxidative capacity, and type-2 metallothionein gene (KoMT2) expression in the leaves of Kandelia obovata seedlings exposed to Cd stress. Deleterious effects, including decreased chlorophyll content and increased malondialdehyde(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether lipid peroxidation plays a role in patients with calcium oxalate kidney stones and to determine the correlation of lipid peroxidation with tubular damage and the major urinary risk factors. We also used the isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (GST) to examine which parts of the renal tubules were injured in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Trials of therapies for chronic hepatitis C have used detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) at week 24 of follow-up (sustained virologic response [SVR] 24) as a primary end point. However, there is increasing evidence that most patients who have an SVR at earlier time points (such as SVR12) maintain it until week 24. Use of earlier time(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine the effect of structural change on the intestinal disposition of isoflavones and to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for transport of phase II isoflavone conjugates. Transport and metabolism of six isoflavones (i.e., genistein, daidzein, glycitein, formononetin, biochanin A, and prunetin) were studied in the(More)
This is the first to conduct simultaneous determination of microcystin (MC) contaminations in multi-groups of vertebrates (fish, turtle, duck and water bird) from Lake Taihu with Microcystis blooms. MCs (-RR, -YR, -LR) in Microcystis scum was 328 microg g(-1) DW. MCs reached 235 microg g(-1) DW in intestinal contents of phytoplanktivorous silver carp, but(More)