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The green alga Chlorella zofingiensis produces large amounts of the valuable ketocarotenoid astaxanthin under dark, heterotrophic growth conditions, making it potentially employable for commercial production of astaxanthin as feed additives, colorants, and health products. Here, we report the identification and characterization of a beta-carotene oxygenase(More)
The unicellular green alga Haematococcus pluvialis is used as a biological production system for astaxanthin. It accumulates large amounts of this commercially interesting ketocarotenoid under a variety of environmental stresses. Here we report the identification and expression of three different beta-carotene ketolase genes (bkt) that are involved in the(More)
Dietary carotenoids have been shown to be beneficial to health by decreasing the risk of many diseases. Attempts to enhance carotenoids in food crops have been successful although higher plants appear to resist big changes of carotenoid biosynthesis by metabolic engineering. Here we report the generation of a more nutritious tomato by modifying the(More)
Extending the carotenoid pathway to astaxanthin in plants is of scientific and industrial interest. However, expression of a microbial β-carotene ketolase (BKT) that catalyses the formation of ketocarotenoids in transgenic plants typically results in low levels of astaxanthin. The low efficiency of BKTs in ketolating zeaxanthin to astaxanthin is proposed to(More)
A novel method for the determination of peroxynitrite using folic acid as a fluorescent probe is described. The method is based on the oxidation of the reduced, low-fluorescent folic acid by peroxynitrite to produce a high-fluorescent emission product. The fluorescence increase is linearly related to the concentration of peroxynitrite in the range of(More)
A new approach for simultaneously amplifying the 5' and 3' ends of a desired cDNA is described. The method combines the template-switching effect with inverse PCR, which generates the flanking 5' and 3' regions of a certain cDNA with very low or no background. It requires only minimal amounts of total RNA for the synthesis of first-strand cDNA, while the(More)
Phytochelatins (PCs) play an important role in detoxification of heavy metals in plants. PCs are synthesized from glutathione by phytochelatin synthase (PCS), a dipeptidyltransferase. Sesbania rostrata is a tropical legume plant that can tolerate high concentrations of Cd and Zn. In this study, the S. rostrata PCS gene (SrPCS) and cDNAs were isolated and(More)
In this work, molecularly imprinted microspheres (MIMs) were synthesized by aqueous microsuspension polymerization using astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta'-carotene-4,4'-dione) as imprinting molecule. The MIMs obtained were subsequently packed into the stainless steel column and the chromatographic characterization of the column was investigated. The(More)
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