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The unicellular green alga Chlorella zofingiensis has been proposed as a promising producer of natural astaxanthin, a commercially important ketocarotenoid. But the genetic toolbox for this alga is not available. In the present study, an efficient transformation system was established for C. zofingiensis. The transformation system utilized a modified(More)
Extending the carotenoid pathway to astaxanthin in plants is of scientific and industrial interest. However, expression of a microbial β-carotene ketolase (BKT) that catalyses the formation of ketocarotenoids in transgenic plants typically results in low levels of astaxanthin. The low efficiency of BKTs in ketolating zeaxanthin to astaxanthin is proposed to(More)
The green alga Chlorella zofingiensis can accumulate high level of oleic acid (OA, C18:1△9) rich oils in response to stress conditions. To understand the regulation of biosynthesis of fatty acid in particular OA at the molecular level, we cloned and characterized the stearoyl acyl carrier protein (ACP) desaturase (SAD) responsible for OA formation through(More)
β-Carotene ketolase (BKT) catalyzes the rate-limiting steps for the biosynthesis of astaxanthin. Several bkt genes have been isolated and explored to modify plant carotenoids to astaxanthin with limited success. In this study, five algal BKT cDNAs were isolated and characterized for the engineering of high-yield astaxanthin in plants. The products of the(More)
The aim of the present study was to survey the growth and astaxanthin production of E17, an astaxanthin-rich mutant of Chlorella zofingiensis, through feeding the low-cost carbon source cane molasses. In heterotrophic batch cultivation, E17 fed with pretreated molasses achieved biomass (1.79 g L−1 day−1) and astaxanthin (1.99 mg L−1 day−1) productivities(More)
Phytochelatins (PCs) play an important role in detoxification of heavy metals in plants. PCs are synthesized from glutathione by phytochelatin synthase (PCS), a dipeptidyltransferase. Sesbania rostrata is a tropical legume plant that can tolerate high concentrations of Cd and Zn. In this study, the S. rostrata PCS gene (SrPCS) and cDNAs were isolated and(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate the expression of HSP90 and the effect of HSP90 inhibitor AUY922 in ACC. The expression of HSP90 was measured in tissue samples from 36 human sporadic adrenocortical tumors by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and real-time PCR. The effect of AUY922 was tested on SW13 and H295R cells by evaluating cell(More)
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