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Recent studies have demonstrated that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an important role in stem cell aging. However, the mechanisms of cell senescence induced by Wnt/β-catenin signaling are still poorly understood. Our preliminary study has indicated that activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling can induce MSC aging. In this study, we reported that the(More)
—This paper aims to derive the upper and lower bounds for the channel capacity of dimmable visible light communications (VLC) systems. Because the information is modulated into the instantaneous optical intensity of light emitting diodes (LEDs), the transmitted optical intensity signal is represented by a nonnegative input, which is corrupted by an additive(More)
The widespread distribution of mRNA encoding orexin- 1 (OX1R) and -2 receptors (OX2R) in the central nervous system suggests that orexin may be involved in multiple functional pathways. Central administration of orexin stimulates feeding and also affects ovarian steroid-dependent luteinizing hormone secretion, suggesting involvement of orexin in the(More)
This paper focuses on the downlink system capacity in distributed antenna systems (DAS). Due to the complexity of actual wireless environments, a composite channel model is established which takes into account three factors, i.e., path loss, lognormal shadowing and Rayleigh fading. Based on the channel model, the probability density function (PDF) of the(More)
Network planning in wireless communication systems, which has strong impacts on the system performance, is a complex and challenging issue. This paper investigates the network planning problem under high-speed railway communication scenarios. A system model is characterised in terms of distributed antenna technology. An optimisation problem is formulated to(More)
—This paper studies the system uplink outage probability in distributed antenna systems (DAS). Firstly, owing to the complexity of actual wireless environments, this paper establishes a composite channel model which takes path loss, lognormal shadowing and Rayleigh fading into account. Then, the probability density function (PDF) of the output(More)