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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors fluvoxamine and fluoxetine, as well as serotonin (5-HT), induced vomiting in Suncus murinus (a house musk shrew). Fluvoxamine- and fluoxetine-induced vomiting gradually decreased with their repeated administration. Vomiting induced by serotonin also decreased with repeated treatment with serotonin. In these shrews,(More)
There has been considerable interest in composition of gut microbiota in recent years, leading to a better understanding of the role the gut microbiota plays in health and disease. Most studies have been limited in their geographical and socioeconomic diversity to high-income settings, and have been conducted using small sample sizes. To date, few analyses(More)
OBJECTIVES We present new nitrogen isotopic discrimination factor between diets and scalp hairs (Δ(15) NHair-Diet : δ(15) NHair - δ(15) NDiet ) for indigenous residents in three communities in the Papua New Guinea Highlands who consumed various amounts and qualities of protein. The Δ(15) N is important for precise evaluation of the dietary habits of human(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this article was to develop a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and evaluate its validity to estimate habitual protein intake, and investigate current dietary protein intakes of Papua New Guinea (PNG) Highlanders. METHODS A 32-item FFQ was developed and tested among 135 healthy male and female volunteers. The(More)
We evaluated the ability of enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence-based PCR (ERIC-PCR) to differentiate 95 Streptococcus pyogenes strains with M or T serotypes isolated from sporadic streptococcal infections as compared with M or T serotypings and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Although the ERIC-PCR had less discriminatory(More)
Stool samples were collected from 148 healthy adults living a traditional subsistence lifestyle in Papua New Guinea and screened for enteric pathogens using real-time RT-PCR/PCR assays. Enteric pathogens were detected in a high proportion (41%) of individuals. Clear differences were observed in the detection of pathogens between highland and lowland(More)
OBJECTIVES People in the Papua New Guinea Highlands consume sweet potatoes as their dietary staple; consumption of animal protein is limited. In such societies with marginal protein intake, the intra-household allocation of animal protein in terms of sex or age is of importance. The objective of this study was to investigate how the allocation pattern of(More)
The study was aimed at characterizing the different Coagulasenegative staphylococci (CoNS) isolated from chronic skin ulcer out-patients attending four different hospitals in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of 292 swab samples were collected from January 2012 to January 2013. The samples were cultured using Chocolate and Blood agar media. Phenotypic(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the antibiotic resistance patterns of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from out patients with chronic skin ulcer in four different hospitals in Kaduna state. A total number of 292 swab samples were collected from January 2012 to January 2013 and analyzed. MRSA isolates recovered were 14 (78(More)