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There has been considerable interest in composition of gut microbiota in recent years, leading to a better understanding of the role the gut microbiota plays in health and disease. Most studies have been limited in their geographical and socioeconomic diversity to high-income settings, and have been conducted using small sample sizes. To date, few analyses(More)
We evaluated the ability of enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence-based PCR (ERIC-PCR) to differentiate 95 Streptococcus pyogenes strains with M or T serotypes isolated from sporadic streptococcal infections as compared with M or T serotypings and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Although the ERIC-PCR had less discriminatory(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this article was to develop a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and evaluate its validity to estimate habitual protein intake, and investigate current dietary protein intakes of Papua New Guinea (PNG) Highlanders. METHODS A 32-item FFQ was developed and tested among 135 healthy male and female volunteers. The(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors fluvoxamine and fluoxetine, as well as serotonin (5-HT), induced vomiting in Suncus murinus (a house musk shrew). Fluvoxamine- and fluoxetine-induced vomiting gradually decreased with their repeated administration. Vomiting induced by serotonin also decreased with repeated treatment with serotonin. In these shrews,(More)
OBJECTIVES We present new nitrogen isotopic discrimination factor between diets and scalp hairs (Δ(15) NHair-Diet : δ(15) NHair - δ(15) NDiet ) for indigenous residents in three communities in the Papua New Guinea Highlands who consumed various amounts and qualities of protein. The Δ(15) N is important for precise evaluation of the dietary habits of human(More)
Adequate amount of proteins from foods are normally needed to maintain muscle mass of the human body. Although protein intakes of Papua New Guinea (PNG) highlanders are less than biologically adequate, protein deficiency related disorders have rarely been reported. It has been postulated that gut microbiota play a role in such low-protein-adaptation. To(More)
It has been hypothesized that nitrogen fixation occurs in the human gut. However, whether the gut microbiota truly has this potential remains unclear. We investigated the nitrogen-fixing activity and diversity of the nitrogenase reductase (NifH) genes in the faecal microbiota of humans, focusing on Papua New Guinean and Japanese individuals with low to high(More)
OBJECTIVES People in the Papua New Guinea Highlands consume sweet potatoes as their dietary staple; consumption of animal protein is limited. In such societies with marginal protein intake, the intra-household allocation of animal protein in terms of sex or age is of importance. The objective of this study was to investigate how the allocation pattern of(More)
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