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The Japanese eel is a much appreciated research object and very important for Asian aquaculture; however, its genomic resources are still limited. We have used a streamlined bioinformatics pipeline for the de novo assembly of the genome sequence of the Japanese eel from raw Illumina sequence reads. The total assembled genome has a size of 1.15 Gbp, which is(More)
Of more than 800 species of eels of the order Anguilliformes, only freshwater eels (genus Anguilla with 16 species plus three subspecies) spend most of their lives in freshwater during their catadromous life cycle. Nevertheless, because their spawning areas are located offshore in the open ocean, they migrate back to their specific breeding places in the(More)
The natural reproductive ecology of freshwater eels remained a mystery even after some of their offshore spawning areas were discovered approximately 100 years ago. In this study, we investigate the spawning ecology of freshwater eels for the first time using collections of eggs, larvae and spawning-condition adults of two species in their shared spawning(More)
In the marine environment, differential gene exchange between partially reproductively isolated taxa can result in introgression that extends over long distances due to high larval dispersal potential. However, the degree to which this process contributes to interlocus variance of genetic differentiation within introgressed populations remains unclear.(More)
The journey of the European eel to the spawning area in the Sargasso Sea is still a mystery. Several trials have been carried out to follow migrating eels with pop-up satellite tags (PSATs), without much success. As eels are very efficient swimmers, tags likely interfere with their high swimming efficiency. Here we report a more than twofold increase in(More)
Extensive collections were made of the larvae of the temperate Japanese eel Anguilla japonica and the tropical giant mottled eel Anguilla marmorata in an overlapping area of the North Equatorial Current region of the western North Pacific Ocean. Collections of 189 A. marmorata and > 2500 A. japonica larvae during nine surveys from 1991 to 2007 showed that(More)
Understanding the energy expenditure of top predators is important because a collapse in them could trigger trophic cascades through ecosystems. One such top predator, Japanese sea bass Lateolabrax japonicus, helps to balance the structure of the coastal marine ecosystem through predation. In this study, accelerometry was applied to the Japanese sea bass to(More)
Using a longline survey, a total of 196 European eels Anguilla anguilla were collected at different depths in Lough Ennell (maximum depth 30 m), central Ireland. The catch per unit of effort of A. anguilla that were caught from 1 to 25 m depths was lowest at 0.5-5.0 m and greatest at the deepest depth range (22.5-25.0 m). Sub-samples of A. anguilla from(More)
We developed a novel molecular genetic method using restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) to identify the taxonomically debatable Japanese sand lances of the genus Ammodytes. Partial nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene of Ammodytes japonicus (n = 405), Ammodytes heian (n = 284), and Ammodytes(More)