Juliusz Perkowski

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Three wheat samples collected in 1987 in Central Poland and naturally infected withFusarium spp were analyzed for the presence ofFusarium spp andFusarium toxins. Heads were separated into three fractions: kernels with visibleFusarium damage, healthy looking kernels, and chaff + rachis. The samples contained deoxynivalenol (2.0 – 40.0μg/g), nivalenol(More)
Ten samples of stored wheat grain and 10 samples of settled grain dust released during machine threshing of wheat grain were collected on 10 farms located in Lublin province (eastern Poland). The samples were examined for the concentration of total microfungi, Fusarium species, fusariotoxins (moniliformin, deoxynivalenol, nivalenol), and ochratoxin.(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) in concentration range 0.1-156.6 mg/kg, was found in 48 samples of barley kernels collected from heads with visible symptoms of head scab after inoculation in a field with Fusarium culmorum and Fusarium graminearum. Four fractions of the kernels were collected according to their size: > 2.8 mm (I); < or = 2.8-2.5 mm (II); > 2.5-2.2 mm(More)
Ninety-nine naturally contaminated oat grain samples were collected in 12 plant breeding stations in different parts of Poland. T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin and diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS) levels were determined by gas chromatography with mass selective detection (GC-MS). HT-2 was the major toxin with an incidence of 24% and its average level in positive samples was(More)
Wheat, barley and oat grain samples naturally contaminated with Fusarium spp. were analysed for the presence of scirpentriol (STO). This toxin was detected in 1, 37 and 8% of 248 wheat, 32 barley and 99 oat grain samples, respectively, and the maximum concentration was 83 microg x kg(-1). Samples of wheat and oat grain with visible scab symptoms were also(More)
Ergosterol (ERG) is a major sterol constituent of most fungi. Its concentration is negligible in higher plants, but can be used as a chemical marker of the presence of fungal contaminations. In this study, ERG concentration was assessed in randomly collected samples of naturally contaminated grain (wheat, barley and oat) and in samples of grain (wheat,(More)
Twelve barley genotypes were inoculated with two F. graminearum isolates of different chemotype I1 #148 (producing nivalenol/deoxynivalenol) and I2 #108 (deoxynivalenol/acetyldeoxynivalenol). For both I1 and I2 isolates, respectively, reductions (%) in number of kernels head-1 10.6 and 14.3; yield 39.6 and 35.7; weight of 1000 kernels 36.9 and 23.2 were(More)
Fusarium crookwellense KF748 (NRRL A-28100) (isolated from dry rotted potato tubers in Central Poland) produced six mycotoxins on both rice and corn substrates at 25 degrees C. The metabolites detected were zearalenone, alpha-trans-zearalenol, beta-trans-zearalenol, fusarin C, and the trichothecenes fusarenone X and nivalenol. This is the first report of(More)
Grain samples of 15 naturally contaminated barley cultivars, collected after harvest in southeastern Poland, were analysed for occurrence of Fusarium trichothecenes and zearalenone (ZEA). Barley kernels were contaminated with the following toxic metabolites: deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-AcDON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-AcDON),(More)
Strains (10705) of microscopic fungi were isolated from spring barley heads in the region of Lublin (south-eastern Poland). Fusarium sporotrichioides Sherb was found in 418 (3.9%) of isolated strains. Group A trichothecene mycotoxins were detected in the collected barley kernels colonized by F. sporotrichioides, with Fusarium head blight symptoms. Among 24(More)