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A review is presented of the field of arterial tonometry and of the problems involved with its application. A second generation model is developed which interprets most of the difficulties encountered in previous experimental work. The model also identifies barriers that must be overcome to allow tonometry to become a practical technique for obtaining(More)
As the auscultatory method of blood pressure measurement relies fundamentally on the generation of the Korotkoff sound, identification of the responsible mechanisms has been of interest ever since the introduction of the method, around the turn of the century. In this article, a theory is proposed that identifies the cause of sound generation with the(More)
A model is presented that relates the change in baroreceptor firing rate to a step change in blood pressure. This relationship is nonlinear since the alteration in rate of firing depends on the current rate of firing. It is shown that this simple relationship embodies all currently established baroreceptor response modes. The model needs refinement to allow(More)
This report evaluates pulse wave propagation with respect to contributions by vascular wall elastic and geometric properties, vessel wall and blood viscosity, and nonlinearities in system parameters and in the equations of motion. Discrepancies in results obtained with different experimental methods and theory are discussed and resolved. A three-point(More)
In this study, we analyzed a common form of experimental investigation of blood vessels, in which measurements are obtained with branches ligated. Utilizing representative pressure and flow pulses and the full expression for the equation of motion, we calculated the axial pressure gradient, in the time domain at a plane in the descending aorta. The time(More)