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The diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in young children is particularly complex in resource-poor regions where HIV infection is common. This study examines the impact of HIV infection on diagnosis in children with suspected PTB attending Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre. A total of 110 children (4 months-14 years) were studied over a(More)
Neonatal sepsis in the developing world is incompletely characterized. We seek to characterize the microbial spectrum involved in sepsis and determine the role of maternal transmission by comparing organisms that can be cultured from septic newborn infants and their mothers. From 80 consecutive mother-infant pairs meeting clinical criteria for neonatal(More)
The World Health Organization (1985) criteria allow evaluation of the oral glucose tolerance test using venous or capillary whole blood or plasma glucose measurements. However, the empirical factors used for interconversion may not reflect observed differences, especially during pregnancy, causing inconsistent classification. To investigate how choice of(More)
We describe a child with Hodgkin's disease (HD) who presented with profound neutropenia, secondary to an antineutrophil antibody. The patient responded to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), with prompt and sustained improvement in total white blood cell count (WBC) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC). The literature pertaining to autoimmune cytopenias(More)
A 14-year-old white male developed gastric anemia with normal chromosomes following a 6-year history of chronic ITP refractory to splenectomy. The disorder was partially responsive to oxymethalone which was discontinued because of hepatotoxicity. Antiplatelet and antigranulocyte antibodies were identified in the patient's sera. Absorbed sera suppressed(More)
Neonatal sepsis (NS) is responsible for over 1 million yearly deaths worldwide. In the developing world, NS is often treated without an identified microbial pathogen. Amplicon sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene can be used to identify organisms that are difficult to detect by routine microbiological methods. However, contaminating bacteria are(More)
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