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An automated registration algorithm was used to elastically match an anatomical magnetic resonance (MR) atlas onto individual brain MR images. Our goal was to evaluate the accuracy of this procedure for measuring the volume of MRI brain structures. We applied two successive algorithms to a series of 28 MR brain images, from 14 schizophrenia patients and 14(More)
The segmentation of MRI scans of patients with white matter lesions (WML) is difficult because the MRI characteristics of WML are similar to those of gray matter. Intensity-based statistical classification techniques misclassify some WML as gray matter and some gray matter as WML. We developed a fast elastic matching algorithm that warps a reference data(More)
Large and giant anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms usually show partial thrombosis and incorporate both the A(1) and A(2) segments and crucial perforating vessels. Therefore, direct clip placement or endovascular strategies often fail, leaving cerebral bypass surgery as a relevant therapeutic option. The authors present 3 cases in which a giant(More)
BACKGROUND Infections are the leading cause of death in the acute phase following spinal cord injury and qualify as independent risk factor for poor neurological outcome ("disease modifying factor"). The enhanced susceptibility for infections is not stringently explained by the increased risk of aspiration in tetraplegic patients, neurogenic bladder(More)
INTRODUCTION Continuous bedside brain tissue oxygenation (p(br)O(2)) monitoring using the Licox system is an established method for detecting secondary ischemia in comatose patients with acute brain injury. The purpose of the current study was to compare the newly introduced Raumedic p(br)O(2) probe with the established standard. METHODS Eighteen patients(More)
BACKGROUND The oxygen reactivity index (ORx) has been introduced to assess the status of cerebral autoregulation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Currently, there is some controversy about whether the ORx depends on the type of PbrO2-sensor technology used for its calculation. To examine if the probe technology does(More)
INTRODUCTION Since its introduction into clinical practice, the Bowman Hemedex® regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) monitor has provided a valuable tool for the bedside assessment of CBF in neurointensive care. The purpose of our study was to estimate the accuracy of CBF measurements between automatically performed self-calibration cycles at regular(More)
BACKGROUND Giant intracranial aneurysms (GIA) are often not eligible for direct clip occlusion. Surgical alternatives include partial clip occlusion or the placement of a cerebrovascular bypass or the combination of both. These alternative indirect strategies are expected to lead to a decrease in GIA volume over time rather than instantaneously. To examine(More)
BACKGROUND The Giant Intracranial Aneurysm Registry is a multicenter observational trial exclusively focusing on giant intracranial aneurysms (GIA). As no data exist on the interobserver variability in the radiological description of GIA, there is some uncertainty concerning the reliability of the GIA characteristics included in the registry. We have(More)