Julius Chang

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Sensory hair cells in the striolar regions of the utricle and lagena of a teleost fish, the oscar (Astronotus ocellatus), were damaged following intramuscular injections of gentamicin sulfate. In order to determine whether fish can regenerate hair cells, the time course of damage and recovery was followed over a period of four weeks by scanning electron(More)
Sensory hair cells from the striolar region (striolar hair cells) of the utricle and the lagena of the ear of a teleost fish Astronotus ocellatus (Cuvier) ear are sensitive to gentamicin sulphate, an ototoxic drug. In contrast, sensory hair cells from outside the striolar region (extra-striolar hair cells) are not sensitive to gentamicin. These data,(More)
The ultrastructure of sensory hair cells in the utricle of the cichlid fish, Astronotus ocellatus, the oscar, was studied by transmission electron microscopy of serial ultrathin sections from different regions of the epithelium. Two distinctly different types of hair cell were found, one located in the striolar region of the epithelium and the other in the(More)
Certain hair cells of fish exhibit strong immunoreactivity to an S-100 antibody. By their spatial locations in the utricle and saccule, these hair cells appear to possess a relatively short kinocilium and a roughly ovoid cell shape. In the utricle, these cells are predominantly located in the striola. In the saccule, these cells are found within the central(More)
A morphological correlate of the trigger site (the locus of action potential initiation) was identified in afferent axons of the utricle in the ear of two species of teleost fish. These sites were identified by the ferric-ferrocyanide (Prussian blue) cytochemical procedure and they were correlated with the geometries of afferent intraepithelial arbors as(More)
Previous investigations have demonstrated significant ultrastructural differences in hair cells located in various regions of the utricle of the oscar, Astronotus ocellatus. In this study, we used TEM and SEM to examine cells from the central and marginal regions of the saccule to determine if similar hair cell ultrastructural differences exist in this(More)
We proposed a new model validation method through ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and scale separate correlation. EEMD is used to analyze the nonlinear and nonstationary ozone concentration data and the data simulated from the Taiwan Air Quality Model (TAQM). Our approach consists of shifting an ensemble of white noiseadded signal and treats(More)
Although a number of gas-phase chemical mechanisms, such as CBM-IV, RADM2, and SAPRC have been successful in studying gas-phase atmospheric chemical processes, they all used different combinations of lumped organic species to describe the role of organics in gas-phase chemical processes. Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS) have been in use(More)