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Brain inflammation has a critical role in the pathophysiology of brain diseases of high prevalence and economic impact, such as major depression, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, and traumatic brain injury. Our results demonstrate that systemic administration of the centrally acting angiotensin II AT(1)(More)
Poor adaptation to stress, alterations in cerebrovascular function and excessive brain inflammation play critical roles in the pathophysiology of many psychiatric and neurological disorders such as major depression, schizophrenia, post traumatic stress disorder, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases and traumatic brain injury. Treatment for these highly(More)
Sartans (Angiotensin II AT(1) Receptor Blockers, ARBs) are powerful neuroprotective agents in vivo and protect against IL-1β neurotoxicity in vitro. The purpose of this research was to determine the extent of sartan neuroprotection against glutamate excitotoxicity, a common cause of neuronal injury and apoptosis. The results show that sartans are(More)
Systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration induces an innate immune response and stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We studied Angiotensin II AT(1) receptor participation in the LPS effects with focus on the pituitary gland. LPS (50 microg/kg, i.p.) enhanced, 3h after administration, gene expression of pituitary CD14 and that of(More)
In addition to regulating blood pressure, angiotensin II (Ang II) exerts powerful pro-inflammatory effects in hypertension through stimulation of its AT(1) receptors, most clearly demonstrated in peripheral arteries and in the cerebral vasculature. Administration of Ang II receptor blockers (ARBs) decreases hypertension-related vascular inflammation in(More)
Commercially available Angiotensin II AT1 receptor antibodies are widely employed for receptor localization and quantification, but they have not been adequately validated. In this study, six commercially available AT1 receptor antibodies were characterized by established criteria: sc-1173 and sc-579 from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc., AAR-011 from Alomone(More)
To clarify the role of Angiotensin II in the regulation of peripheral sensory and motor systems, we initiated a study of the expression, localization and transport of Angiotensin II receptor types in the rat sciatic nerve pathway, including L(4)-L(5) spinal cord segments, the corresponding dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and the sciatic nerve. We used(More)
Blockade of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors ameliorates brain inflammation, and reduces excessive brain interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) production and release from cortical microglia. The aim of this study was to determine whether, in addition, AT1 receptor blockade directly attenuates IL-1β-induced inflammatory responses in neuronal cultures. SK-N-SH(More)
1. Circulating and locally formed Angiotensin II regulates the cerebral circulation through stimulation of AT(1) receptors located in cerebrovascular endothelial cells and in brain centers controlling cerebrovascular flow. 2. The cerebrovascular autoregulation is designed to maintain a constant blood flow to the brain, by vasodilatation when blood pressure(More)
Enhanced fucosylation has been suggested as a marker for serologic monitoring of liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We present a workflow for quantitative site-specific analysis of fucosylation and apply it to a comparison of hemopexin (HPX) and complement factor H (CFH), two liver-secreted glycoproteins, in healthy individuals and patients(More)