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Trans-differentiation of stem cells shows promise for use in tissue repair medicine. Although poorly defined, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) appear useful for applications in repair medicine. Despite the low frequency of MSC, they are relatively easy to expand. The expression of MHC class II on MSC, however, could deter their use in repair medicine, since(More)
OBJECTIVE The functional "plasticity" and immune-suppressive effects of human bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) provide them with the potential to be used across allogeneic barriers. The immunosuppressive properties of MSC may be detrimental in a clinical setting in which viral exposure is common. The study hypothesizes that MSC-derived(More)
Tuberculosis and helminthic infections coexist in many parts of the world, yet the impact of helminth-elicited Th2 responses on the ability of the host to control Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection has not been fully explored. We show that mice infected with the intestinal helminth Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb) exhibit a transitory impairment of(More)
Despite early detection of breast cancer, patients' survival may be compromised if the breast cancer cells (BCCs) enter the bone marrow (BM). It is highly probable that BCCs enter the BM long before clinical detection. An in vitro coculture model with BM stroma and BCCs (cell lines; primary cells from stage III BC, n = 7, and stage M0, n = 3) mimicked early(More)
Neurokinin 1 (NK-1) is a member of seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors. NK-1 interacts with peptides belonging to the tachykinin family and showed preference for substance P (SP). NK-1 is induced in bone marrow (BM) stroma. NK-1-SP interactions could lead to changes in the functions of lymphohematopoietic stem cell (LHSC). This report describes(More)
Although much is understood regarding the role of B7/CD28 family of costimulatory molecules in regulating host resistance in the context of several pathogens, analogous information with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is lacking. To address the requirements of B7-mediated costimulation in host resistance against tuberculosis, mice deficient in both B7.1 and B7.2(More)
Neurokinin (NK)-1 and NK-2 receptors regulate hematopoiesis by interacting with neurotransmitters that belong to the tachykinin. This report studies the relationship between NK-1 and NK-2 in primary human bone marrow (BM) stroma, which supports hematopoiesis. Use of NK receptor antagonists and deficient stromal cells indicate that the neurotransmitter,(More)
Despite extensive insights on the interaction between hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the supporting bone marrow (BM) stroma in hematopoietic homeostasis there remains unanswered questions on HSC regulation. We report on the mechanism by which HSCs attain cycling quiescence by addressing a role for inducible cyclic AMP early repressor (ICER). ICER(More)
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