Julious L. Willett

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AIMS The following polymers were developed: polyethylene (PE), a PE and polyethylene oxide (70% PE and 30% PEO; PE + PEO) blend, PE and nisin (PE + nisin), PE, nisin, and EDTA (PE + nisin + EDTA), and PE + PEO with nisin (PE + PEO + nisin). METHODS AND RESULTS Of the polymers tested, PE and PE + PEO did not exhibit any antimicrobial activity against(More)
We have developed a spectrophotometric assay for the quantitative determination of feruloyl esterase activity based on release of 4-nitrophenol from a novel substrate, 4-nitrophenyl ferulate in an emulsion of Triton X-100 in aqueous buffer solution. The release of 4-nitrophenol was linear with reaction time at an early stage of the reaction with various(More)
Corrosion of metals is a serious and challenging problem faced worldwide by industry. Purified Leuconostoc mesenteroides exopolysaccharide (EPS) coatings, cast from aqueous solution, inhibited the corrosion of low-carbon steel as determined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). There were two different corrosion behaviors exhibited when EPS films(More)
A novel process for the preparation of acetates of polysaccharides is described herein. The process involves the acetylation of polysaccharides with acetic anhydride in the presence of iodine as a catalyst. No solvent is required to bring about the acetylation. The method is simple, rapid, and characterized by a high conversion ratio. Conversion of(More)
Rheological studies were carried out on solutions of zein in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), where the specific lot of zein, concentration, time, and temperature were varied. DMF is a good solvent for zein, giving clear, relatively low viscosity solutions. It was found that all of the zein solutions behaved in a non-Newtonian fashion. At high concentration and(More)
A variety of published physical measurements, computational algorithms, and structural modeling methods have been used to create a molecular model of 19 kDa alpha-zein (Z19). Zetaeins are water-insoluble storage proteins found in corn protein bodies. Analyses of the protein sequence using probability algorithms, structural studies by circular dichroism,(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations (NPT ensembles, 1 atm) using the all atom force field AMB99C (F. A. Momany and J. L. Willett, Carbohydrate Research, Vol. 326, pp 194-209 and 210-226), are applied to a periodic cell containing ten maltodecaose fragments and TIP3P water molecules. Simulations were carried out at 25 K intervals over a range of temperatures(More)
An environmentally friendly water-based pathway to form the azide derivatives of soybean oil and fatty esters is reported. This entails first the formation of epoxides and then the azidization of the epoxides. The azidization reaction is carried out at high yields in water with only a small amount of an ionic liquid as a catalyst. The distribution of azide(More)
Geometry optimization, at the B3LYP/6-311++G** level of theory, was carried out on 4C1 and 1C4 chairs, (3,O)B and B(3,O) boats, and skew-boat conformations of alpha- and beta-D-glucopyranose. Similar calculations on 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol allowed examination of the effect of removal of the 1-hydroxy group on the energy preference of the hydroxymethyl(More)
Modifications to the AMBER force field [W.D. Cornell, P. Cieplak, C.I. Bayly, I.R. Gould, K. Merz, D.M. Ferguson, D.C. Spellmeyer, T. Fox, J.W. Caldwell, P.A. Kollman, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 117 (1995) 5179-5197] have been made to improve our ability to reproduce observed molecular properties of alpha-linked carbohydrates when calculated using empirical(More)