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BACKGROUND Recent technical developments have made it feasible to comprehensively assess brain anatomy in psychiatric populations. OBJECTIVE To describe the structural brain alterations detected in the magnetic resonance images of a large series of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) using imaging procedures that allow the evaluation of(More)
Disruptions in circadian rhythms have been described in mood disorders (MD), but the involvement of genetic variation in genes pertaining to the molecular circadian machinery in the susceptibility to MD has not been conclusively determined. We examined 209 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering 19 circadian genes (ADCYAP1, ARNTL, ARNTL2, BHLHB2,(More)
Structural neuroimaging studies have reported a variety of brain alterations between groups of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and healthy controls. However, the large heterogeneity in discrete anatomical measures that exists among patients prevents a clear discrimination of single patients from healthy subjects. This reduces the potential(More)
This study focused on investigating a possible relationship between interindividual variability in the morphology of the cingulate gyrus and behavioral styles. Using magnetic resonance images obtained from 100 healthy young volunteers (50 women and 50 men), we measured the surface area of the anterior cingulate gyrus and related it to the scores on the(More)
Recent factor-analytic studies involving over 2000 patients have reduced the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) into a few dimensions or potentially overlapping syndromes. Hoarding consistently emerged as a separate factor in all these studies. This study investigated the relationship between OCD symptom dimensions and normal personality traits(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by a constellation of affective, cognitive, and somatic symptoms associated with functional abnormalities in relevant brain systems. Painful stimuli are primarily stressful and can trigger consistent responses in brain regions highly overlapping with the regions altered in MDD patients. Duloxetine has proven(More)
Research on the relationship between personality factors and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has proved difficult to interpret due to conceptual problems including a lack of consensus on the model of personality employed as a framework as well as a failure to consider the clinical heterogeneity of the disorder. The aim of this study was to examine the(More)
To date, there have been no formal investigations of neuropsychological performance in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) taking psychotropic medications. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medicated and unmedicated patients with OCD demonstrate differences in neuropsychological functioning. Fifty-two patients with a primary(More)
The high comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with major depressive disorder (MDD) suggests common neurobiological substrates. We assessed the contribution of lifetime MDD to brain structural alterations in OCD using magnetic resonance imaging. OCD patients with (n=33) or without (n=39) lifetime MDD, and 72 control subjects were assessed.(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) runs in families, but the specific contribution of genetic and environmental factors to its development is not well understood. The aim of this study was to assess whether there are differences in perceived parental child-rearing practices between OCD patients and healthy controls, and whether any relationship exists(More)