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We investigated the mechanism of action of metabolically stable lysophospholipid analogues (LPAs), with potent anti-tumour and anti-protozoal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. Against the axenically grown epimastigote form of the parasite, the IC(50)s after 120 h for ET-18-OCH(3), miltefosine and ilmofosine were 3,(More)
Neglected Diseases T hrough its impact on worker productivity, premature disability, and death, Chagas disease accounts for 670,000 disability-adjusted life years per annum [1]. This makes it the most important parasitic disease of the Americas. It is both a disease of poverty (Figures 1 and 2) and, like other neglected tropical diseases, also " poverty(More)
This article presents an overview of the currently available drugs nifurtimox (NFX) and benznidazole (BZN) used against Trypanosoma cruzi, the aetiological agent of Chagas disease; herein we discuss their limitations along with potential alternatives with a focus on ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors (EBI). These compounds are currently the most advanced(More)
There is no effective treatment for the prevalent chronic form of Chagas' disease in Latin America. Its causative agent, the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, has an essential requirement for ergosterol, and ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors, such as the antifungal drug posaconazole, have potent trypanocidal activity. The antiarrhythmic compound(More)
Chagas' disease, a protozoan infection by the kinetoplastid Trypanosoma cruzi, constitutes a major public health problem in Latin America. With the use of mouse models of both short- and long-term forms of the disease, the efficacy of D0870, a bis-triazole derivative, was tested. D0870 was able to prevent death and induced parasitological cure in 70 to 90(More)
This paper describes the design and evaluation of novel azasterols as potential compounds for the treatment of leishmaniasis and other diseases caused by trypanosomatid parasites. Azasterols are a known class of (S)-adenosyl-L-methionine: Delta24-sterol methyltransferase(24-SMT) inhibitors in fungi, plants, and some parasitic protozoa. The compounds(More)
BACKGROUND Current chemotherapy for Chagas disease is unsatisfactory due to its limited efficacy, particularly in the chronic phase, with frequent side effects that can lead to treatment discontinuation. Combined therapy is envisioned as an ideal approach since it may improve treatment efficacy whilst decreasing toxicity and the likelihood of resistance(More)
Amiodarone (AMIO), the most frequently antiarrhythmic drug used for the symptomatic treatment of chronic Chagas' disease patients with cardiac compromise, has recently been shown to have also specific activity against fungi, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania. In this work, we characterized the effects of AMIO on proliferation, mitochondrial physiology, and(More)
In this paper we describe the preparation of some biphenylquinuclidine derivatives and their evaluation as inhibitors of squalene synthase in order to explore their potential in the treatment of the parasitic diseases leishmaniasis and Chagas disease. The compounds were screened against recombinant Leishmania major squalene synthase and against Leishmania(More)
High resolution (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra at 303.6 MHz (corresponding to a (1)H resonance frequency of 750 MHz) have been obtained of perchloric acid extracts of Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, and Leishmania major, the causative agents of African sleeping sickness, Chagas' disease, and leishmaniasis. Essentially complete assignments(More)