Julio S . G . Montaner

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BACKGROUND North America's first government sanctioned supervised injection facility (SIF) was opened in Vancouver in response to the serious health and social consequences of injection drug use and the perseverance of committed advocates and drug user groups who demanded change. This analysis was conducted to describe the attendance, demographic(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and predictors of initiating methamphetamine injection among a cohort of injection drug users (IDU). We conducted a longitudinal analysis of IDU participating in a prospective study between June 2001 and May 2008 in Vancouver, Canada. IDU who had never reported injecting methamphetamine at the study’s(More)
The introduction of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) has produced dramatic reductions in HIV associated morbidity and mortality. However, this success has not been replicated amongst injection drug users (IDUs) and other marginalised groups largely due to reduced uptake and lower rates of access and adherence to anti-retrovirals (ARVs).(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether there were differential rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence in injecting drug-using youths who did and did not report involvement in survival sex work. DESIGN Data were derived from 2 prospective cohort studies of injecting drug users (May 1, 1996, to July 31, 2007). Analyses were restricted to HCV antibody-negative(More)
This study is intended to determine whether qualitative assessment of tight junction integrity from freeze-fracture data is reliable. We used lung parenchyma from a control mongrel dog's cardiac lung lobe, from a mongrel dog subjected to vascular high-pressure pulmonary edema (HPPE), and from a dog subjected to oleic acid-induced low-pressure pulmonary(More)
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