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The present review of epidemiologic studies on migraine and headache in Europe is part of a larger initiative by the European Brain Council to estimate the costs incurred because of brain disorders. Summarizing the data on 1-year prevalence, the proportion of adults in Europe reporting headache was 51%, migraine 14%, and 'chronic headache' (i.e. > or =15(More)
We report on the autoradiographic distribution of 5-HT1B, 5-HT1D and 5-HT1F receptor subtypes in human brain, focusing on the brainstem and cervical spinal cord. We have used [3H]sumatriptan as a radioligand in the presence of suitable concentrations of 5-CT (5-carboxamidotryptamine) to define 5-HT1F receptors, and ketanserin, to discriminate between 5-HT1B(More)
Using [3H]sumatriptan as a radioligand, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1B receptors were examined in posterior striatum and midbrain post-mortem tissue sections of 12 patients who had died from representative degenerative movement disorders as compared to nine controls. In the control human basal ganglia, the highest densities of [3H]sumatriptan binding were(More)
In 1991 the Clinical Trials Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (IHS) developed and published its first edition of the Guidelines on controlled trials of drugs in episodic migraine because only quality trials can form the basis for international collaboration on drug therapy, and these Guidelines would 'improve the quality of controlled(More)
Lidocaine (lignocaine) was given in 42 episodes of status epilepticus (SE) in 36 patients either because of limited pulmonary reserve (22 patients) or because of lack of response to diazepam (14 patients). Lidocaine (1.5-2 mg/kg) was given intravenously in two minutes. A further identical bolus was infused if no response had occurred or if seizures(More)
This is the first large series, comprising 50 patients who suffered a total of 164 episodes, of pseudomigraine with temporary neurological symptoms and lymphocytic pleocytosis (PMP syndrome). Onset of PMP was between the ages of 14 and 39 years and was most frequent in males (68%). Eight males (24%) and five females (31%) had a personal history of migraine.(More)
We describe an exceptional spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) phenotype combining cerebellar ataxia, levodopa-responsive parkinsonism, and motor neuron symptoms. We conclude that motor neuron symptoms and signs may be a striking manifestation in SCA2, masking pre-existing cerebellar and extrapyramidal semeiology.
PURPOSE We performed spinal implantation of olfactory ensheathing cells to demonstrate dorsal root afferent regeneration as well as bladder activity restoration after lumbosacral L6 to S2 rhizotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Spinal segments receiving bladder innervation, usually L6, S1 and S2, were identified by bipolar stimulation of the ventral roots.(More)
Migraine is a disabling neurological disease that affects 14.7 % of Europeans. Studies evaluating the economic impact of migraine are complex to conduct adequately and with time become outdated as healthcare systems evolve. This study sought to quantify and compare direct medical costs of chronic migraine (CM) and episodic migraine (EM) in five European(More)
In the present work the anatomical distribution of alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the human central nervous system was studied in detail by quantitative autoradiography using the selective alpha 2 agonist [3H]bromoxidine ([3H]UK-14304) as a ligand. Only postmortem tissues from subjects free of neurological disorders were used in this study. Very high or high(More)