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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although chronic daily headache, mainly transformed migraine, is an important reason for consultation in headache clinics, its actual prevalence is unknown. This study analyzes the prevalence of the different types of chronic daily headache in an unselected population. METHODS A questionnaire exploring headache frequency was(More)
The ability to predict the outcome in acute tubular necrosis (ATN) remains elusive despite considerable efforts. Accurate prediction is a crucial priority and has large economical and ethical implications, mainly to judge when treatment is futile and further efforts only prolong miserable agony. To analyze the influence of risk factors in the prognosis of(More)
This is the first large series, comprising 50 patients who suffered a total of 164 episodes, of pseudomigraine with temporary neurological symptoms and lymphocytic pleocytosis (PMP syndrome). Onset of PMP was between the ages of 14 and 39 years and was most frequent in males (68%). Eight males (24%) and five females (31%) had a personal history of migraine.(More)
We report on the autoradiographic distribution of 5-HT1B, 5-HT1D and 5-HT1F receptor subtypes in human brain, focusing on the brainstem and cervical spinal cord. We have used [3H]sumatriptan as a radioligand in the presence of suitable concentrations of 5-CT (5-carboxamidotryptamine) to define 5-HT1F receptors, and ketanserin, to discriminate between 5-HT1B(More)
There are very limited data on overall epidemiology of ARF. It is crucial to know the incidence, etiology and clinical feature of ARF to promote prevention strategies and to implement adequate resources for the management of this entity. During a nine month period, a collaborative prospective protocol with 98 variables was developed to assess all ARF(More)
The present review of epidemiologic studies on migraine and headache in Europe is part of a larger initiative by the European Brain Council to estimate the costs incurred because of brain disorders. Summarizing the data on 1-year prevalence, the proportion of adults in Europe reporting headache was 51%, migraine 14%, and 'chronic headache' (i.e. > or =15(More)
In 1991 the Clinical Trials Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (IHS) developed and published its first edition of the Guidelines on controlled trials of drugs in episodic migraine because only quality trials can form the basis for international collaboration on drug therapy, and these Guidelines would 'improve the quality of controlled(More)
The efficacy and tolerability of rizatriptan (MAXALT) and zolmitriptan (ZOMIG) were compared in a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, stratified (on prior use of rizatriptan and/or zolmitriptan), placebo-controlled, single attack study in 766 patients. Rizatriptan tended to provide freedom from pain sooner than zolmitriptan (hazard ratio 1.26, P =(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of oral rizatriptan, sumatriptan, naratriptan, and zolmitriptan on the relief and emergence of nausea during a migraine attack. METHODS Data from five randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trials in which oral rizatriptan 10 mg was directly compared with oral sumatriptan 100 mg (N = 772), 50 mg (N = 1168),(More)