Learn More
Single cells were recorded in the visual cortex of monkeys trained to attend to stimuli at one location in the visual field and ignore stimuli at another. When both locations were within the receptive field of a cell in prestriate area V4 or the inferior temporal cortex, the response to the unattended stimulus was dramatically reduced. Cells in the striate(More)
Single cells were recorded from cortical area V4 of two rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) trained on a visual discrimination task with two levels of difficulty. Behavioral evidence indicated that the monkeys' discriminative abilities improved when the task was made more difficult. Correspondingly, neuronal responses to stimuli became larger and more selective(More)
The corticocortical pathway from striate cortex into the temporal lobe plays a crucial role in the visual recognition of objects. Anatomical studies indicate that this pathway is mainly organized as a serial hierarchy of multiple visual areas, including V1, V2, V3, V4, and inferior temporal cortex (IT). As expected from the anatomy, we have found that(More)
Regulatory volume decrease (RVD) in detached cerebellar astrocytes in culture after acute exposure to hyposmolarity was characterized in this and the accompanying paper [H. Pasantes-Morales, R. A. Murray, R. Sanches-Olea, and J. Moran. Am. J. Physiol. 266 (Cell Physiol. 35): C172-C178, 1994]. RVD was independent of extracellular calcium, was accelerated at(More)
The osmolyte function of amino acids and Cl in native NIH/3T3 cells not expressing the P-glycoprotein was examined by investigating the free amino acid concentration and the swelling-activated efflux of [3H]taurine, as representative of amino acids, and of 125I, as a tracer for Cl. Taurine and 125I efflux was activated by 20 and 30% hyposmotic solutions. At(More)
When cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGN) are transferred from 25 mM KCl (K25) to 5 mM KCl (K5) caspase-3 and caspase-8, but not caspase-1 or caspase-9,activities are induced and cells die apoptotically. CGN death was triggered by a [Ca(2+)](i) modification when [Ca(2+)](i) was reduced from 300 nM to 50 nM in a K5 medium. The [Ca(2+)](i) changes were(More)
Release of taurine in response to cell swelling induced by hyposmolarity was observed in cultured astrocytes. Efflux of 3H-taurine increased by 30% and 70% upon reductions in osmolarity of only 5% and 10%. Reductions in osmolarity of 20%, 30%, and 50% stimulated basal taurine release by 300%, 500%, and 1,500%, respectively. The properties of this(More)
To investigate a possible role for Ca as a transduction signal for regulatory volume decrease (RVD), the effects of external Ca removal, Ca channel blockers (Cd, Co, La, Gd, verapamil, diltiazem, dihydropyridines) and inhibitors of endoplasmic reticulum Ca release (dantrolene, ryanodine, TMB-8) were examined on RVD and on the swelling-activated efflux of(More)
Exposure of NIH/3T3 fibroblasts not expressing P-glycoprotein to 50, 30, 20, and 10% hyposmotic solutions led to cell volume increases of 70, 32, 21, and 12%, respectively. After swelling, NIH/3T3 cells exhibited regulatory volume decrease (RVD), attaining complete volume recovery after 30 min except in 50% hyposmotic solution, in which volume recovery was(More)
Prolonged activation of glutamate receptors leads to excitotoxicity. Several processes such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and activation of the calcium-dependent protease, calpain, contribute to glutamate-induced damage. It has been suggested that the ROS-producing enzyme, NADPH oxidase (NOX), plays a role in excitotoxicity. Studies have(More)