Julio Martínez-Burnes

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In utero fetuses are evidently exposed to several factors that cause an interruption of the oxygen flow through the umbilical cord causing asphyxia leading to hypoxia and metabolic acidosis. These conditions are important causes of intra-partum and neonatal mortality. The main objective of this review is to provide current information regarding the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of 2 oxytocin products administered to sows at the onset of fetal expulsion on the integrity of umbilical cords, meconium staining, and piglet mortality. ANIMALS 2099 neonatal pigs. PROCEDURE 180 parturient sows were randomly assigned to 3 stratified groups of 60 sows each. Two groups of sows were injected IM at the(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate in penned sows the effect of two commercial oxytocin products on umbilical cord pathology, degree of asphyxia and intra-partum mortality. This study included 120 sows divided in three groups of 40 animals with eight animals for parities one to five per subgroup, respectively. Group 1 (G(1)) or control(More)
An outbreak of bovine rabies occurred on a ranch when cattle were bitten by vampire bats. Microscopic lesions showed a nonsuppurative encephalitis with intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated viral antigen in the brain, and monoclonal antibodies identified a serotype 1 (vampire strain) of the rabies virus.
Two hundred sows were randomly assigned to intramuscularly receive 0.9% NaCl (group 1) or oxytocin 0.083, 0.11 or 0.17 IU/kg (groups 2, 3 and 4, respectively) immediately after the expulsion of the first piglet. The overall duration of labor was decreased in a dose-dependent relationship. Time interval between piglets was decreased approximately 5 min in(More)
Oxytocin is used to induce and control parturition, nevertheless, the increase of uterine contractions decreases blood flow and gaseous exchange through the womb predisposing to intra-partum mortality. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of oxytocin on myometrial activity, fetal intrauterine hypoxia and postnatal asphyxia in sows(More)
Meconium staining of the skin is a common event associated with fetal hypoxia, stillbirths, weak-born piglets, and neonatal mortality. Aspiration of meconium leads to meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). This study was undertaken to assess the relationship between the degree of meconium staining of the skin at birth, meconium aspiration, and pulmonary(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the acute anti-inflammatory effects of topically applied emu oil. ANIMALS 96 male CD-1 mice assigned randomly to 4 groups, each comprising 24 mice. PROCEDURE To induce auricular inflammation, 50 microl of a solution comprising 10 microl of croton oil dissolved in 1 ml of acetone was applied to the inner surface of the left auricle(More)
Meconium aspiration syndrome has been for many years an important cause of neonatal respiratory distress in newborn babies and sporadically reported in animals. This investigation was designed to study the ultrastructural and morphometric changes in the lungs of neonatal rats following the intratracheal inoculation of meconium. Seven-day-old Fischer-344(More)
Meconium aspiration syndrome is a major contributor to neonatal respiratory distress in infants and it has been sporadically recognized in neonatal animals. This investigation was designed to study the short and long term effects of meconium and amniotic fluid in the lungs of neonatal rats. Seven-day-old rats (n = 123) divided in three groups were(More)