Julio J. Secades

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE No single neuroprotective agent has been shown to influence outcome after acute stroke. Citicoline has been studied worldwide in many clinical trials with positive findings, but only 1 trial has obtained significant results in the primary efficacy variables. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of oral citicoline in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine (citicoline or CDP-choline), an intermediate in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine, has shown beneficial effects in a number of CNS injury models including cerebral ischemia. Citicoline is the only neuroprotectant that has proved efficacy in patients with moderate to severe stroke. However, the(More)
This review is based on the previous one published in 2006 -Secades JJ, Lorenzo JL. Citicoline: pharmacological and clinical review, 2006 update. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 2006; 28 (Suppl B): S1-56-, incorporating the new references until now, having all the information available to facilitate the access to the informacion in one document. This review(More)
Citicoline has been demonstrated to be beneficial in several models of cerebral ischaemia. We tested the hypothesis that citicoline may provide apoptotic pathways following focal cerebral ischaemia. Focal cerebral ischaemia was produced by distal, permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were randomised into four(More)
Citicoline (CDP-choline or cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine) has been used as a therapeutic agent in combination with levodopa in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The present study examines the effects of citicoline by using validated in vivo and in vitro models. Citicoline reduces the cytotoxic effect of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated human(More)
BACKGROUND Citicoline is approved in some countries for the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke. The drug has shown some evidence of efficacy in a pooled analysis. We sought to confirm the efficacy of citicoline in a larger trial. METHODS We undertook a randomised, placebo-controlled, sequential trial in patients with moderate-to-severe acute ischaemic(More)
Cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine, CDP-choline, or citicoline is an essential intermediate in the biosynthetic pathway of structural phospholipids in cell membranes, particularly phosphatidylcholine. Following administration by both the oral and parenteral routes, citicoline releases its two main components, cytidine and choline. Absorption by the oral route is(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is a lack of agreement regarding measuring the effects of stroke treatment in clinical trials, which often relies on the dichotomized value of 1 outcome scale. Alternative analyses consist mainly of 2 strategies: use all the information from an ordinal scale and combine information from several outcome scales in a single(More)
Citicoline, or CDP-choline, is an essential endogenous intermediate in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine that may act as a neuroprotector in several models of neurodegeneration. The present study analyses the effects of citicoline in the paradigm of staurosporine-induced cell death in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Citicoline reduces apoptosis(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Citicoline is one of the neuroprotective agents that have been used as a therapy in stroke patients. There is limited published data describing the mechanisms through which it acts. METHODS We used in vitro angiogenesis assays: migration, proliferation, differentiation into tube-like structures in Matrigel™ and spheroid(More)