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Strenuous exercise induces muscle damage due to a highly increased generation of free radicals and inflammatory response and therefore, in this type of exercise, it is important to reduce both oxidative stress and inflammation, at least their negative aspects. The purpose of this study was investigate, for the first time, whether a purified, standard(More)
This study investigated the way in which feeding rats with two fat sources (olive or sunflower oils) affected electron-transport components and function of mitotic (liver) and postmitotic (heart and skeletal muscle) tissues during ageing. Rats adapted the mitochondrial-membrane-lipid profile to dietary fat throughout the study, suggesting that the benefits(More)
We investigate mitochondrial-lipid peroxidation of mitotic (liver) and postmitotic (heart and skeletal muscle) tissues of rats fed lifelong on two different lipid sources: virgin olive oil (monounsaturated fatty acids) and sunflower oil (n - 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids). Two groups of 80 rats each were fed over 24 months on a diet differing in the lipid(More)
Epidemiological studies show that populations consuming a predominantly plant-based Mediterranean-style diet exhibit lower incidences of chronic diseases than those eating a northern European or North American diet. This observation has been attributed to the greater consumption of fruits and vegetables and the lower consumption of animal products,(More)
This study investigates the usefulness of a long-term supplementation with coenzyme Q(10) in rats from the point of view of lifespan, DNA double-strand breaks and to assess whether this supplementation might attenuate oxidative alterations related to PUFA-rich diets, which would allow to preserve beneficial aspects of PUFA on health avoiding their(More)
Physical exercise and fatty acids have been studied in relation to mitochondrial composition and function in rat liver, heart, and skeletal muscle. Male rats were divided into two groups according to dietary fat type (virgin olive and sunflower oils). One-half of the animals from each group were subjected to a submaximal exercise for 8 weeks; the other half(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of lipid peroxidation and the response of the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defence system in erythrocytes from full-term and premature infants at birth, after 3 and after 72 h of life. STUDY DESIGN Twenty infants were selected and divided in two groups according to their gestational(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyse the level and progression of oxidative stress, in both plasma and erythrocytes, during heart surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty two patients undergoing cardiac surgery and considered to present a high/severe level of surgical risk were selected. We took five blood samples(More)
This study was designed to investigate the possible effect on DNA double-strand breaks, antioxidant capacity and blood lipids of feeding rats lifelong with two different dietary fat sources: virgin olive oil (rich in the monounsaturated oleic acid) or sunflower oil (rich in the polyunsaturated linoleic acid). No changes in mean or maximal lifespan were(More)
We fed male Wistar rats lifelong on virgin olive (rich in the monounsaturated oleic acid) or sunflower (rich in the polyunsaturated linoleic acid) oil-based diets. At 6 and 24 months, liver mitochondria were analyzed for a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion, reactive oxygen species, antioxidants, and ultrastructural alterations. An aging-related increase in(More)