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Oliveros virus is an agent isolated in cell culture from Bolomys obscurus (Rodentia, Muridae, Sigmodontinae) captured on the central Argentine pampa. Oliveros virus was shown to be related to members of the Tacaribe complex of the family Arenaviridae by immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) tests, electrophoretic pattern of viral proteins, and morphology as(More)
The antibody profile during and after the six-dose primary vaccination series with anthrax vaccine adsorbed (AVA, Biothrax) was characterized in 86 human volunteers. Ninety-three percent of recipients developed IgG antibodies to Bacillus anthracis protective antigen (PA) after two doses, and 100% were seropositive after dose #3. Geometric mean(More)
A vaccine against Argentine hemorrhagic fever, the "mal de los rastrojos" of the pampas, has been a dream of physicians and scientists involved with the disease since its recognition in the 1950s. Several killed and live immunogens have been produced and tested in pursuit of this goal, none of which has proved suitable for widespread human use. Recently, a(More)
Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF) is a potentially lethal infection in Argentina. The case-fatality ratio is >15%, but treatment reduces the mortality rate to <1%. Diagnosis is based on clinical and laboratory criteria, but no case definition has been validated. A chart review was conducted for patients hospitalized with suspected AHF. Individuals with a(More)
Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF), caused by the arenavirus Junin, is a major public health problem among agricultural workers in Argentina. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy trial of Candid 1, a live attenuated Junin virus vaccine, was conducted over two consecutive epidemic seasons among 6500 male agricultural workers(More)
A refined, complement-enhanced, plaque-reduction neutralization test was developed for measuring neutralizing antibodies against Junin (Argentine hemorrhagic fever) virus. The assay measured neutralizing antibodies after natural as well as vaccine-induced Junin virus infections. Among vaccinated individuals, titers were 2-4-fold higher than those obtained(More)