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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was used to delineate early laminar organization of the cerebrum in two extremely premature infants imaged postnatally at estimated ages of 25 and 27 menstrual weeks. The diffusivity and anisotropy of the cortical plate, subplate zone, intermediate zone, subventricular and periventricular zones, and germinal matrix are(More)
Segmentation of medical images has become an indispensable process to perform quantitative analysis of images of human organs and their functions. Normalized Cuts (NCut) is a spectral graph theoretic method that readily admits combinations of different features for image segmentation. The computational demand imposed by NCut has been successfully alleviated(More)
(1) To assess the degree of focal cartilage abnormalities in physically active and sedentary healthy subjects as well as in patients with early osteoarthritis (OA). (2) To determine the diagnostic value of T2 and T1rho measurements in identifying asymptomatic physically active subjects with focal cartilage lesions. Thirteen asymptomatic physically active(More)
PURPOSE To quantitate bone marrow edema-like lesions (BMELs) and the radiologic properties of cartilage in knees with acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries using T(1ρ) magnetic resonance imaging over a 1-year period. METHODS Nine patients with ACL injuries were studied. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired within 8 weeks of the injury,(More)
PURPOSE The investigation of cortical porosity is an important aspect of understanding biological, pathoetiological, and biomechanical processes occurring within the skeleton. With the emergence of HR-pQCT as a noninvasive tool suitable for clinical use, cortical porosity at appendicular sites can be directly visualized in vivo. The aim of this study was to(More)
Understanding the skeletal effects of resistance exercise involves delineating the spatially heterogeneous response of bone to load distributions from different muscle contractions. Bone mineral density (BMD) analyses may obscure these patterns by averaging data from tissues with variable mechanoresponse. To assess the proximal femoral response to(More)
T(1rho) and T(2) relaxation time constants have been proposed to probe biochemical changes in osteoarthritic cartilage. This study aimed to evaluate the spatial correlation and distribution of T(1rho) and T(2) values in osteoarthritic cartilage. Ten patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 10 controls were studied at 3T. The spatial correlation of T(1rho) and(More)
Segmentation of bony structures plays an important role in image guided surgery of the spine. In this paper, we discuss a novel approach to the segmentation of vertebral bodies from 2D sagittal magnetic resonance images of the spine. We have applied Normalized Cuts with the Nyström approximation method to MR sagittal images of the spine taking windowed(More)
PURPOSE To show the feasibility of assessing the spatial distribution of skeletal muscle adipose tissue using chemical shift-based water/fat separation and to characterize differences in calf intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) compartmentalization in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to healthy age-matched controls. MATERIALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluation and treatment of patients with early stages of osteoarthritis (OA) is dependent upon an accurate assessment of the cartilage lesions. However, standard cartilage dedicated magnetic resonance (MR) techniques are inconclusive in quantifying early degenerative changes. The objective of this study was to determine the ability of MR T1rho(More)