Julio Carballido-Gamio

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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was used to delineate early laminar organization of the cerebrum in two extremely premature infants imaged postnatally at estimated ages of 25 and 27 menstrual weeks. The diffusivity and anisotropy of the cortical plate, subplate zone, intermediate zone, subventricular and periventricular zones, and germinal matrix are(More)
Segmentation of medical images has become an indispensable process to perform quantitative analysis of images of human organs and their functions. Normalized Cuts (NCut) is a spectral graph theoretic method that readily admits combinations of different features for image segmentation. The computational demand imposed by NCut has been successfully alleviated(More)
Understanding the skeletal effects of resistance exercise involves delineating the spatially heterogeneous response of bone to load distributions from different muscle contractions. Bone mineral density (BMD) analyses may obscure these patterns by averaging data from tissues with variable mechanoresponse. To assess the proximal femoral response to(More)
PURPOSE Studies have shown that functional analysis of knee cartilage based on magnetic resonance (MR) relaxation times is a valuable tool in the understanding of osteoarthritis (OA). In this work, the regional spatial distribution of knee cartilage T1rho, and T2 relaxation times based on texture and laminar analyses was studied to investigate if they(More)
In this paper, we present the development and application of current image processing techniques to perform MRI inter-subject comparison of knee cartilage thickness based on the registration of bone structures. Each point in the bone surface which is part of the bone-cartilage interface is assigned a cartilage thickness value. Cartilage and corresponding(More)
PURPOSE To compare the precision and accuracy of 3.0-T and 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the quantification of cartilage volume by using direct volumetric measurements as a reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local animal experimentation committee did not require its approval for this study. Porcine knees were obtained from an(More)
A common manifestation of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is the morphological degeneration of articular cartilage. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers the potential to visualize and analyze quantitatively morphology such as cartilage thickness and volume. The purpose of this work was the development of new image processing techniques and(More)
Diffusion has been widely adopted in the clinical setting to study the microstructural tissue changes in conjunction with anatomic imaging and metabolic imaging to offer insights on the status of the tissue injury or lesion. However, geometric distortions caused by magnetic susceptibility effects, eddy currents and gradient imperfections greatly affect the(More)
In vivo assessment of trabecular bone microarchitecture could improve the prediction of fracture risk and the efficacy of osteoporosis treatment and prevention. Geodesic topological analysis (GTA) is introduced as a novel technique to quantify the trabecular bone microarchitecture from high-spatial resolution magnetic resonance (MR) images. Trabecular bone(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the lumbar spine could improve diagnostic specificity. The purpose of this work was to determine the feasibility of and to validate DTI with single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) for lumbar intervertebral discs at 1.5 and 3 T. Six normal volunteers were scanned with DTI-SSFSE using an eight- and a three-b-value protocol at 1.5(More)