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This study reports on animal experimentation and initial clinical trials exploring the feasibility of exclusion of an abdominal aortic aneurysm by placement of an intraluminal, stent-anchored, Dacron prosthetic graft using retrograde cannulation of the common femoral artery under local or regional anesthesia. Experiments showed that when a(More)
We studied the acute and chronic biological reaction to balloon-expandable intracoronary stents in the adult dog. Twenty stainless steel stents were placed, by standard angioplasty techniques, into the left anterior descending, left main, or circumflex coronary arteries of 20 dogs. Angiography was performed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and animals were killed(More)
This study evaluated the feasibility of treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) by means of intraluminal bypass. Artificial aortic aneurysms with fusiform Dacron conduits were created at surgery , a weft-knit Dacron tube with balloon-expandable stents attached at both ends was inserted transfemorally through a 14-F introducer sheath and expanded at the(More)
An expandable intraluminal graft mounted coaxially over an angioplasty balloon catheter was used in dog arteries. The graft, a wire mesh tube that has the ability to retain its expanded shape, opposes elastic recoil of the arterial wall after maximum balloon inflation. Eighteen grafts were placed in the abdominal aorta and iliac femoral, renal, superior(More)
Balloon-expandable intraluminal stents were used to treat iliac artery stenoses or occlusions that failed to respond to conventional balloon angioplasty. One hundred seventy-one procedures were performed in 154 patients, of whom 48 had a limb at risk for amputation. Thirty-six had severe and 70 had moderate intermittent claudication. At the latest follow-up(More)
Elastic recoil of the vessel wall is a common cause of failure of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in renal arteries. To oppose such recoil, balloon-expandable metal stents were implanted in artificially stenotic renal arteries in pigs and normal renal arteries in dogs and pigs. The stents were then examined angiographically and histologically at(More)
To overcome the problem of recurrence of stenosis after vascular balloon dilatations, we developed an expandable, intraluminal graft that allows dilatation of the lesion and simultaneous placement of a supportive endoprosthesis to prevent recoil of the arterial wall. The graft is made of continuous, woven, stainless steel wire. The resulting tubular mesh(More)
Fifteen patients with symptomatic iliac artery stenosis were treated with intraluminal placement of balloon-expandable stents. Before treatment, 14 patients had intermittent claudication, and one had a limb at risk for amputation. One patient had diabetes mellitus, nine had hypertension, and all were long-term smokers. Two patients had surgical placement of(More)
We report a series of four acute external iliac artery dissections occurring in three patients within days of completion of ultraendurance athletic events. Acute dissection of the external iliac artery in highly trained athletes after competition has not been previously documented. A retrospective review of three cases was performed with subsequent(More)