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Clostridium difficile colitis (CDC) remains a serious and common complication after liver transplantation (LT). Four hundred and sixty-seven consecutive LTs in 402 individuals were performed between 1998 and 2001 at our center. Standard immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolate, and steroids. CD toxins A and B were detected by using a rapid(More)
The replication of beta-herpesviruses-cytomegalovirus (CMV), human herpesvirus (HHV)-6, and HHV-7-and their association with CMV disease and response to antiviral therapy were prospectively investigated in 33 liver transplant recipients not given antiviral prophylaxis. CMV, HHV-6, and HHV-7 DNA were detected within 8 weeks after transplantation in 70%, 33%,(More)
In a cohort of 43 liver transplant recipients who did not receive antiviral prophylaxis, qualitative and quantitative polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) from peripheral blood were prospectively compared to determine their value in the diagnosis of established cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease and for the early detection of CMV replication as a marker for(More)
The availability of microbiologic methods that detect early replication of cytomegalovirus (CMV) posttransplantation will enhance the process of initiating preemptive antiviral therapy prior to the appearance of CMV disease. Using PCR techniques we sought to determine which region of the CMV genome present in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) or serum(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) strains resistant to ganciclovir have been associated with specific mutations in the UL97 and UL54 genes. The UL97 gene of a CMV strain isolated from a renal transplant recipient before and after 438 days of ganciclovir treatment was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. A novel mutation resulting in deletion of codons(More)
Peritonitis occurring after liver transplantation (PLT) has been poorly characterized to date. The aims of this study were to define the incidence, risk factors, microbiology profiles, and outcome of nonlocalized PLT. This was a retrospective study of 950 cadaveric liver transplantation (LT) procedures in 837 patients, followed for a mean of 1,086 days(More)
Antifungal prophylaxis has been proposed for liver transplant recipients at increased risk for invasive mold infection. Risk factors for invasive mold infection after liver transplantation were selected to divide recipients into 3 groups: (1) high risk-transplantation on hemodialysis or delay of hospital discharge beyond day 7 after transplantation because(More)
HHV8 DNA sequences have recently been isolated from all types of Kaposi's sarcomas, and its association in the etiopathogenesis of this tumor has been established. However, little is known about the regulation of HHV8 replication in immunocompromised patients seropositive for this virus, and its impact on the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Through(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal infection has a major impact on the morbidity and mortality of liver transplant recipients. Human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 infection after transplantation is associated with an immunosuppressive state and the development of cytomegalovirus disease. Because cytomegalovirus infection is a risk factor for invasive fungal infection after(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most common neoplasm in patients with AIDS. Epidemiologic evidence and the recent identification of herpesvirus-like DNA sequences in patients with KS have suggested a role for viral agents in the etiopathogenesis of this disease. It is unclear if these sequences are present in all types of KS and if the copy number of these(More)