Julio C. Dávila

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CYP2B6 metabolizes many drugs, and its expression varies greatly. CYP2B6 genotype-phenotype associations were determined using human livers that were biochemically phenotyped for CYP2B6 (mRNA, protein, and CYP2B6 activity), and genotyped for CYP2B6 coding and 5'-flanking regions. CYP2B6 expression differed significantly between sexes. Females had higher(More)
To gain insight on the expression of pregnane X receptor (PXR), we analyzed PXR.1 and PXR alternatively spliced transcripts in a panel of 36 human tissues. PXR.1 was expressed in many more tissues than previously determined, including human bone marrow and select regions of the human brain. In each of these tissues, we observed alternative splicing of(More)
A method was developed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to selectively detect and qualitatively determine the levels of mRNA expression of the major isoenzymes of cytochrome P450 (P450 1A1, 1A2, 2B1/2, 2C11, 2E1, 3A1, 3A2, and 4A1) and fatty acyl-CoA oxidase (FACO) in the rat. Total liver RNA was isolated from male(More)
Recent developments in animal models have allowed the creation of mice with genetic alterations that cause hepatocyte damage that results, over time, in the loss of native hepatocytes. If donor, human hepatocytes are transplanted into these animals, they repopulate the host liver, frequently replacing over 70% of the native liver with human cells.(More)
Orthotopic liver transplantation remains the only curative treatment for many end-stage liver diseases, yet the number of patients receiving liver transplants remains limited by the number of organs available for transplant. There is a need for alternative therapies for liver diseases. The transplantation of isolated hepatocytes (liver cells) has been used(More)
African dust storm events (ADE) travel across the Atlantic Ocean (ADEAO) and reach the Puerto Rican coast (ADEPRC), potentially impacting air quality and human health. To what extent seasonal variations in atmospheric particulate matter (PM) size fractions, composition and sources trigger respiratory-adverse effects to Puerto Ricans is still unclear. In the(More)
Serious idiosyncratic hepatic injury has been associated with the use of many nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, including the widely prescribed agent diclofenac. In order to investigate the possibility that covalent protein adducts of reactive metabolites of diclofenac might be responsible for the hepatotoxicity produced by this drug, we have developed a(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocyte transplantation to treat liver disease is largely limited by the availability of useful cells. Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) from term placenta express surface markers and gene characteristics of embryonic stem cells and have the ability to differentiate into all three germ layers, including tissues of endodermal origin(More)
The induction of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and Phase II conjugating enzymes by prototypical hepatic enzyme inducers was studied in adult male rat hepatocytes. Hepatocytes were suspended and cultured in diluted Matrigel® in a basal serum-free Dulbecco’s modified Eagle medium and exposed to the prototypical liver enzyme inducers, 3-methylcholanthrene,(More)
The tumorigenic potential of phenobarbital was examined in a 26-wk carcinogenesis bioassay using p53 heterozygous mice and wild-type controls. Fifteen mice/sex/genotype were exposed to either 500 or 1,000 ppm phenobarbital in the diet. Dietary administration of 3,750 ppm p-cresidine, a transspecies mutagenic carcinogen, to both heterozygous and wild-type(More)