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CYP2B6 metabolizes many drugs, and its expression varies greatly. CYP2B6 genotype-phenotype associations were determined using human livers that were biochemically phenotyped for CYP2B6 (mRNA, protein, and CYP2B6 activity), and genotyped for CYP2B6 coding and 5'-flanking regions. CYP2B6 expression differed significantly between sexes. Females had higher(More)
A method was developed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to selectively detect and qualitatively determine the levels of mRNA expression of the major isoenzymes of cytochrome P450 (P450 1A1, 1A2, 2B1/2, 2C11, 2E1, 3A1, 3A2, and 4A1) and fatty acyl-CoA oxidase (FACO) in the rat. Total liver RNA was isolated from male(More)
Serious idiosyncratic hepatic injury has been associated with the use of many nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, including the widely prescribed agent diclofenac. In order to investigate the possibility that covalent protein adducts of reactive metabolites of diclofenac might be responsible for the hepatotoxicity produced by this drug, we have developed a(More)
To gain insight on the expression of pregnane X receptor (PXR), we analyzed PXR.1 and PXR alternatively spliced transcripts in a panel of 36 human tissues. PXR.1 was expressed in many more tissues than previously determined, including human bone marrow and select regions of the human brain. In each of these tissues, we observed alternative splicing of(More)
The induction of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and Phase II conjugating enzymes by prototypical hepatic enzyme inducers was studied in adult male rat hepatocytes. Hepatocytes were suspended and cultured in diluted Matrigel in a basal serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium and exposed to the prototypical liver enzyme inducers, 3-methylcholanthrene,(More)
African dust storm events (ADE) travel across the Atlantic Ocean (ADEAO) and reach the Puerto Rican coast (ADEPRC), potentially impacting air quality and human health. To what extent seasonal variations in atmospheric particulate matter (PM) size fractions, composition and sources trigger respiratory-adverse effects to Puerto Ricans is still unclear. In the(More)
In recent years, stem cells have been the subject of increasing scientific interest because of their utility in numerous biomedical applications. Stem cells are capable of renewing themselves; that is, they can be continuously cultured in an undifferentiated state, giving rise to more specialized cells of the human body such as heart, liver, bone marrow,(More)
Peroxisome proliferators such as the fibrates act via the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha as hypolipidemic agents. Many peroxisome proliferators are also nongenotoxic hepatic carcinogens and hepatotoxicants in rodents. We performed transcription profiling using cDNA microarrays on livers of rats treated for 5 days with 3 doses of the(More)
The remarkable technologic and methodologic advances spurred on by the Human Genome Project are being applied throughout the life sciences. In the field of toxicology, high-resolution assays now make it possible to discover virtually all the differences in gene expression brought on by exposure to a particular xenobiotic. There are 2 principal approaches(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocyte transplantation to treat liver disease is largely limited by the availability of useful cells. Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) from term placenta express surface markers and gene characteristics of embryonic stem cells and have the ability to differentiate into all three germ layers, including tissues of endodermal origin(More)