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Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has been largely studied in relation to schizophrenia susceptibility. Most studies focused on the functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4680 that causes a substitution of Val by Met at codon 158 of the COMT protein. Recent meta-analyses do not support an association between allelic variants at rs4680 and(More)
We studied the effects of fluoxetine, a non-tricyclic antidepressant drug that selectively inhibits re-uptake of serotonin by presinaptic neurons in the brain, on cellular immune responses in mice exposed to a chronic auditory stressor. The natural killer (NK) cell activity was reduced after 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 days of stress exposure with a partial(More)
OBJECTIVE Therapeutic drug monitoring of clozapine may be useful for the clinical management of schizophrenic patients treated with this atypical antipsychotic drug. The aim of our study was the evaluation of three models for the prediction of steady-state trough clozapine concentration. PATIENTS AND METHODS The trough serum concentrations of clozapine(More)
Previous studies suggest that genetic factors could be involved in mitochondrial dysfunction observed in schizophrenia (SZ), some of them claiming a role of mtDNA common variants (mtSNPs) and/or haplogroups (hgs) in developing this disorder. These studies, however, have mainly been undertaken on relatively small cohorts of patients and control individuals(More)
1 In this study, we investigated whether serotonin could regulate the in vitro activity of phagocytosis through 5-hydroxytryptamine or serotonin (5-HT(1A)) receptors. 2 Mouse peritoneal macrophages were cultured with serotonin and the activity of phagocytosis was assessed by the uptake of zymosan and latex particles added to the culture media. Specific(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies using several hundred thousand anonymous markers present limited statistical power. Alternatively, association studies restricted to common nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) have the advantage of strongly reducing the multiple testing problem, while increasing the probability of testing(More)
OBJECTIVE Leptin secretion is reduced by low temperatures in experimental animals, and this effect has been explained as an adaptive mechanism to cold environments. This study investigated the in vitro effects of cold exposure on human white adipose tissue. DESIGN To understand whether the low temperature action is a direct or a mediated effect, leptin(More)
Cannabis use is one of the environmental factors with more solid evidence contributing to schizophrenia risk, especially in genetically susceptible individuals. One of the genes that may interact with cannabis is COMT, although available data are scarce. Here, we present a case-only study of the putative COMT-cannabis interaction in schizophrenia. Two(More)
This multicenter, uncontrolled, naturalistic study evaluated the effectiveness and tolerability of 6 months of treatment with ziprasidone in 1266 patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The percentage of responders (at least 30% reduction in PANSS total score) in the primary analysis sample (n=1022) was 47.3% (95% CI 44.2-50.4) at the end of the study.(More)
The serotonin and dopamine neurotransmitter systems are candidate pathways in the development of schizophrenia because of the assumed causal relationship with the observed symptoms as well as effective targeting of the corresponding receptors by antipsychotic drugs. However, genetic association studies have systematically focused on a limited set of genes(More)