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Caffeine from dietary sources (mainly coffee, tea and soft drinks) is the most frequently and widely consumed CNS stimulant in the world today. Because of its enormous popularity, the consumption of caffeine is generally thought to be safe and long term caffeine intake may be disregarded as a medical problem. However, it is clear that this compound has many(More)
Cancer cells have aberrant patterns of DNA methylation including hypermethylation of gene promoter CpG islands and global demethylation of the genome. Genes that cause familial cancer, as well as other genes, can be silenced by promoter hypermethylation in sporadic tumors, but the methylation of these genes in tumors from kindreds with inherited cancer(More)
The polymorphic human cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) metabolises a number of drugs, activates a variety of precarcinogens and constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. A relationship between CYP2A6 genotype and smoking habits, as well as incidence of lung cancer, has been proposed. Two defective alleles have hitherto been identified, one of which is very(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the severity of cognitive impairment among groups of patients with different age ranges at the onset of Huntington disease (HD) and to evaluate the variable influence of motor and cognitive deficits on functional disability across different ages at the onset of HD. DESIGN Cross-sectional multidisciplinary evaluation of patients(More)
The goal of this study was to detect genotypic differences between Spaniards and other related populations regarding CYP3A4*1B, CYP3A5*3, and ABCB1 (MDR1) C3435T polymorphisms. DNA from 177 Spanish patients were analyzed for the presence of these mutations using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism or direct sequencing. The observed frequencies for(More)
Several BRCA2 mutations are found to occur in geographically diverse breast and ovarian cancer families. To investigate both mutation origin and mutation-specific phenotypes due to BRCA2, we constructed a haplotype of 10 polymorphic short tandem-repeat (STR) markers flanking the BRCA2 locus, in a set of 111 breast or breast/ovarian cancer families selected(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and the linkage distribution of seven mutations at the polymorphic gene coding for the arylamine N-acetyl transferase (NAT2; EC 2.3.1.5) in 121 unrelated patients with sporadic PD and in 121 unrelated healthy volunteers. METHODS The study was performed with mutation-specific PCR using genomic DNA obtained from blood of(More)
In a previous study we showed that the disposition of clozapine after a single oral dose is unrelated to either debrisoquine or S-mephenytoin hydroxylation polymorphism. The same 14 healthy subjects studied in that investigation were given 150 mg of caffeine. The reciprocal of plasma clozapine AUC (0,24), was correlated with an index of the N3-demethylation(More)
Five breast cancer subtypes have been described in sporadic breast cancer (SBC) using expression arrays: basal-like, ERBB2, normal breast-like, luminal A and B. These molecular subtypes show different genomic aberration patterns (GAPs). Recently, our group described these breast cancer subtypes in 50 non-BRCA1/2 familial tumors using immunohistochemistry(More)
Tumors arising in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers appear to have specific pathological and gene expression profiles, which show a high level of concordance. BRCA1 tumors are high-grade, negative for hormone receptors, have a high proliferation rate, and are positive for some cell cycle promoter genes. BRCA2 tumors present a phenotype opposite to BRCA1(More)