Julio Benítez

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Caffeine from dietary sources (mainly coffee, tea and soft drinks) is the most frequently and widely consumed CNS stimulant in the world today. Because of its enormous popularity, the consumption of caffeine is generally thought to be safe and long term caffeine intake may be disregarded as a medical problem. However, it is clear that this compound has many(More)
An exome-sequencing study of families with multiple breast-cancer-affected individuals identified two families with XRCC2 mutations, one with a protein-truncating mutation and one with a probably deleterious missense mutation. We performed a population-based case-control mutation-screening study that identified six probably pathogenic coding variants in(More)
Cancer cells have aberrant patterns of DNA methylation including hypermethylation of gene promoter CpG islands and global demethylation of the genome. Genes that cause familial cancer, as well as other genes, can be silenced by promoter hypermethylation in sporadic tumors, but the methylation of these genes in tumors from kindreds with inherited cancer(More)
The polymorphic human cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) metabolises a number of drugs, activates a variety of precarcinogens and constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. A relationship between CYP2A6 genotype and smoking habits, as well as incidence of lung cancer, has been proposed. Two defective alleles have hitherto been identified, one of which is very(More)
The fact that CYP2D6 is not only expressed in liver but also in brain and the clinical association of this cytochrome with Parkinson's disease suggests the possibility of existence of some endogenous substrate, and among these perhaps one or more neurotransmitters could be metabolized by CYP2D6. In this study we explored such a possibility by studying the(More)
In a previous study we showed that the disposition of clozapine after a single oral dose is unrelated to either debrisoquine or S-mephenytoin hydroxylation polymorphism. The same 14 healthy subjects studied in that investigation were given 150 mg of caffeine. The reciprocal of plasma clozapine AUC (0,24), was correlated with an index of the N3-demethylation(More)
The occurrence of multiple copies of the CYP2D6 gene was investigated 217 white healthy Spaniards by the combined use of Xba I and Eco RI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analyses. About 3.5% of the alleles yielded an 12.1 kb Eco RI-RFLP product in combination with the 42 kb Xba I-RFLP product, which is indicative of multiple CYP2D6. The(More)
One hundred and thirty-three cases of myelodysplastic syndromes studied during the last ten years were revised. Of them, 79 were males and 54 females, and their ages ranged between 15 and 91 years (median, 69 years). Five patients (3.7%) had secondary myelodysplasias. The haematological phenotype (FAB) of the cases was: RA, 41.3%; SRA, 24%; RAEB, 18%;(More)
In the present study, the occurrence of a modulatory effect of 14 neurotransmitters, precursors and metabolites on the cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) enzyme activity, as determined by diclofenac 4-hydroxylation, was studied in human liver microsomes. Two indoleamines, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and adrenaline, showed a non-competitive-type inhibitory effect(More)
Recent evidence supports a role for the CYP2D6 enzyme in the metabolism of tryptamine. Because of the partial overlapping between substrate and inhibitor specificities that characterize some cytochrome P450 enzymes, these finding raise the possibility that other cytochrome P450 enzymes may be modulated by endogenous compounds. In the present study, the(More)