Julio A Hernandez

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Linear narrow wounds produced on cultured bovine corneal endothelial monolayers heal by actin cable formation at the wound border and lamellar crawling of cells into the injured area. We report the novel finding that membrane potential depolarization occurs at the leading edge of wounds and gradually extends inward toward the neighboring cells. We have(More)
The purpose of this study is to contribute to understanding the role of Na+-K+-ATPase and of ionic cotransporters in the regulation of cell volume, by employing a model that describes the rates of change of the intracellular concentrations of Na+, K+, and Cl-, of the cell volume, and of the membrane potential. In most previous models of dynamic cellular(More)
The general purpose of this theoretical work is to contribute to understand the physiological role of the electrogenic properties of the sodium pump, by studying a dynamic model that integrates diverse processes of ionic and water transport across the plasma membrane. For this purpose, we employ a mathematical model that describes the rate of change of the(More)
The purpose of the present work is to investigate whether the idea of epithelial fluid transport based on electro-osmotic coupling at the level of the leaky tight junction (TJ) can be further supported by a plausible theoretical model. We develop a model for fluid transport across epithelial layers based on electro-osmotic coupling at leaky tight junctions(More)
In spite of the highly complex structural dynamics of globular proteins, the processes mediated by them can usually be described in terms of relatively simple kinetic diagrams. How do complex proteins, characterized by undergoing transitions among a possibly very large number of intermediate states, exhibit functional properties that can be interpreted in(More)
Living cells are characterized by their capacity to maintain a stable steady state. For instance, cells are able to conserve their volume, internal ionic composition and electrical potential difference across the plasma membrane within values compatible with the overall cell functions. The dynamics of these cellular variables is described by complex(More)
Modifications in the cell membrane potential have been suggested to affect signaling mechanisms participating in diverse cellular processes, many of which involve structural cellular alterations. In order to contribute some evidence in this respect, we explored the effects of several depolarizing procedures on the structure and monolayer organization of(More)
It has classically been accepted that the healing of narrow wounds in epithelia occurs by the formation of a contractile actin cable, while wide wounds are resurfaced by lamellipodia-dependent migration of border cells into the denuded area. To further investigate the general validity of this idea, we performed systematic experiments of the roles of wound(More)
Immediately after wounding, bovine corneal endothelial cells develop a fast calcium wave that propagates from the wound border to the rest of the monolayer and extinguishes in approximately 5 minutes. One hour after wounding, a late, slow calcium wave (SCW) develops concomitantly to the depolarization of the plasma membrane potential of the border cells.(More)
We have previously determined that the depolarization of the plasma membrane potential of confluent bovine corneal endothelial cells in culture, provokes a characteristic reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. The purposes of the present work are to investigate whether similar responses are exhibited by other epithelia, irrespectively of their specific(More)