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In between exacerbations, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is usually regarded as a stable condition, but there is increasing recognition of variability in this state. This cross-sectional study assessed patients' perception of symptom variability. Participants were outpatients > 45 yrs old with COPD, current or ex-smokers, forced expiratory(More)
Nebulized budesonide has been used successfully to treat acute asthma exacerbation, and we hypothesized that it could also be effective for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, the efficacy of nebulized budesonide (Pulmicort Respules/Nebuamp), oral(More)
The in situ inflammatory response developing in the human lung during a localized bacterial infection was studied in 15 patients with unilateral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The local response in the involved lung was compared with that in the contralateral, noninvolved lung as well as with the systemic blood response. Eight healthy volunteers served(More)
This multicentre study was set up to compare the efficacies of two long-acting beta 2-agonists, oral bambuterol (20 mg nocte) and inhaled salmeterol (50 micrograms b.i.d.), for the treatment of moderate to severe asthmatics who were considered to be on optimal steroid/bronchodilator therapy, but continued to have troublesome nocturnal symptoms. The study(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Treatments with inhaled corticosteroids yielded conflicting results in infants with severe asthma. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of nebulized budesonide on the control of asthma in this age group. METHODS In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 40 infants with severe asthma received either nebulized(More)
Because interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a potent neutrophil chemotactic and activating cytokine, we investigated IL-8 production in relation to neutrophil migration and elastase release in the human lung during unilateral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In 17 patients, the local response in the involved lung was compared with that in the contralateral,(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is underdiagnosed because of limited disease awareness with trivialization of the symptoms in the general population. METHODS A survey was conducted in a representative sample (n=2758) of individuals older than 40 years of age in the general population of France. Respiratory symptoms and knowledge(More)
Asthma symptoms are the main reason for healthcare utilization and are a fundamental parameter for the evaluation of asthma control. Currently, asthma is defined as a chronic inflammatory disease. A French expert group studied the association between inflammation and asthma symptoms by carrying out a critical review of the international literature.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is markedly under-diagnosed, which may be related to the under-reporting of symptoms and poor awareness of the disease. We hypothesized that written information on COPD may help increase awareness of the disease in people at risk of developing it. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the impact of an information(More)
BACKGROUND Intranasal glucocorticosteroids are effective in seasonal allergic rhinitis. This study compared the efficacy of budesonide (Rhinocort Turbuhaler) and fluticasone propionate (Flixonase) in this respect. METHODS Patients (n = 280) were randomized to receive budesonide, 140 microg (delivered dose) once daily, fluticasone, 200 microg once daily,(More)