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Synaptic strength depresses for low and potentiates for high activation of the postsynaptic neuron. This feature is a key property of the Bienenstock-Cooper-Munro (BCM) synaptic learning rule, which has been shown to maximize the selectivity of the postsynaptic neuron, and thereby offers a possible explanation for experience-dependent cortical plasticity(More)
The kinetics of proliferation of primitive murine bone marrow (BM) cells stimulated either in vitro with growth factors (fetal liver tyrosine kinase ligand 3 [FL], Steel factor [SF], and interleukin-11 [IL-11], or hyper-IL-6) or in vivo by factors active in myeloablated recipients were examined. Cells were first labeled with 5- and 6-carboxyfluorescein(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated hematopoietic stem cell amplification in vitro after the activation of three cell-surface receptors: flt3/flk2, c-kit, and gp130. We now show flt3-ligand and Steel factor alone will stimulate >85% of c-kit(+)Sca-1(+)lin(-) adult mouse bone marrow cells to proliferate in single-cell serum-free cultures, but concomitant(More)
The combined use of rigorous assays for quantitating transplantable stem cell numbers and precise cell labeling and tracking procedures have provided definitive evidence that stem cell self-renewal divisions can occur in vitro in the absence of stromal feeder layers. These findings set the stage for defining conditions that may alter the ability of these(More)
The effects on GH and PRL secretion of several pharmacological agents known to modify central neurotransmitter action were determined in unanesthetized male rats. Phenoxybenzamine, an alpha-adrenergic blocker (5 mg/kg iv), abolished episodic GH secretion and caused elevation of serum PRL levels. Propranolol, a beta-adrenergic blocker (5 mg/kg iv), had no(More)
Growth hormone and prolactin are secreted episodically in man and experimental animals. To investigate physiologic mechanisms of GH and PRL secretion, a series of experiments were performed in individual, unanaesthetized male and female rats. GH secretion in the male rat is characterized by intermittent surges that occur approximately every 3 h and are(More)
Blood samples were removed via chronic intra-atrial cannulae every 15 min in female rats during the estrous cycle, the last week of pregnancy, parturition and suckling. Growth hormone (GH) secretion during the estrous cycle is characterized by episodic release, occurring approximately once hourly. The surges in GH increase during the last 3-4 days of(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of the earliest stages of hematopoietic cell differentiation, and how these may be manipulated under defined conditions in vitro, have set the stage for the development of robust bioprocess technology applicable to hematopoietic cells. Sensitive and specific assays now exist for measuring the frequency of hematopoietic(More)
Transplantable hematopoietic cells with multilineage reconstituting ability can be quantitated in suspensions of human or murine cells using similar assay procedures. The incorporation into these assays of stringently defined functional endpoints ensures a high degree of specificity for the cells detected. Application of these assays to stem cell-containing(More)
A novel approach is used to study the proliferating behaviour of primitive haematopoietic cell populations in response to different stimuli. A mathematical model based on the average proportion of apoptotic, dividing and quiescent cells in primitive haematopoietic cell populations is developed to describe the mitotic history of 5- (and 6-)(More)