Juliet W. Welch

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Copper resistance in yeast is controlled by the CUP1 locus. The level of resistance is proportional to the copy number of this locus, which can be found in up to 15 tandemly iterated copies. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms controlling the amplification and expression of the CUP1, locus, we determined its full nucleotide sequence. We have also(More)
Resistance to copper's toxicity in yeast is controlled by the CUP1r locus. This gene was cloned by transforming sensitive recipients (cup1(8)) with a collection of hybrid DNA molecules, consisting of random yeast DNA fragments inserted into the vector YRp7. Four resistant transformants were studied in detail. Autonomously replicating or integrated by(More)
The gene copy number at the CUP1 locus and the resistance level to external copper was directly correlated in five wild-type commercial Saccharomyces strains. An increased copy number of the CUP1 gene leads to increased accumulation of chelatin mRNA, which codes for a low-molecular-weight, copper-binding protein. The enhanced production of this rapidly(More)
The yeast CUP1 gene codes for a copper-binding protein similar to metallothionein. Copper sensitive cup1s strains contain a single copy of the CUP1 locus. Resistant strains (CUP1r) carry 12 or more multiple tandem copies. We isolated 12 ethyl methane sulfonate-induced copper sensitive mutants in a wild-type CUP1r parental strain, X2180-1A. Most mutants(More)
The CUP1 locus in yeast confers resistance to copper toxicity. We determined the molecular basis for copper resistance in three yeast strains, with differing degrees of resistance. Increased resistance to copper is associated with overproduction of a low molecular weight copper-binding protein, copper-chelatin. Increased chelatin synthesis results from(More)
Meiotic recombination was analyzed between two twelve-copy arrays of a gene amplification at theCUP1 locus ofSaccharomyces cerevisiae. Utilizing Southern analysis to identify spores with non-parental repeat arrays, we find that approximately 11% of a sample with 202 unselected tetrads possess at least one nonparental spore array. Both reciprocal and(More)
CUP2 is a regulatory gene controlling expression of CUP1, which encodes the Cu-binding yeast metallothionein. CUP2, which is identical to the ACE1 gene, encodes a Cu-regulated DNA-binding protein. The CUP2 protein contains a cysteine-rich DNA-binding domain dependent on Cu+ and Ag+ ions which bind the cysteine residues and direct the refolding of the(More)
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, retinitis pigmentosa, syndactyly and/or polydactyly, short stature, and hypogenitalism and is caused by mutations at a number of distinct loci. Using a positional cloning approach for identifying the BBS4 (chromosome 15) gene, we(More)