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OBJECTIVE To assess Latina immigrants' beliefs about the role of sexual activities in cervical cancer etiology and the impact of the beliefs on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear use. Previous research has found that Latinas, particularly immigrants, believe that cervical cancer is related to 'unwise' sexual activities; however, their beliefs about the nature of the(More)
This article reports on a study of perceptions of breast and cervical cancer risk factors among 27 U.S.-born Chicanas, 39 Mexican and 28 Salvadoran immigrants, 27 Anglo women, and 30 physicians in northern Orange County, California. In open-ended responses explaining why women might be at risk for both cancers, Latinas expressed two general themes: physical(More)
BACKGROUND There is little published information about cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behaviors of Tongans in the United States. The purpose of this study was to evaluate answers to the following questions: What is cancer? What causes cancer? And what can you do to prevent cancer? METHODS We completed face-to-face, semi-structured(More)
Some problems in clinic function recur because of unexpected value differences between patients, faculty, and residents. Cultural consensus analysis (CCA) is a method used by anthropologists to identify groups with shared values. After conducting an ethnographic study and using focus groups, we developed and validated a CCA tool for use in clinics. Using(More)
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationship between U.S. citizenship status and the receipt of Pap smears and mammograms among immigrant women in California. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using data from the 2001 California Health Interview Survey. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized, civilian women, aged 18 years and older living in California.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate knowledge and attitudes about breast cancer risk factors among Latinas, Anglo-American women, and physicians. DESIGN Ethnographic interviews employing systematic data collection methods. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-eight Salvadoran immigrants, 39 Mexican immigrants, 27 Chicanas, and 27 Anglo-American women selected through an(More)
Recent theory in anthropology has increasingly been concerned with issues of power. Anthropology also has a long history of interest in variation in cultural knowledge, which, we argue, benefits from attention to power relations. To show this, we examine perceptions of breast cancer risk factors among physicians. Although physicians share a general cultural(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate answers to the following questions among American Samoans: What is cancer? What causes cancer? And what can you do to prevent cancer? DESIGN Focus groups (four with women and four with men). SETTINGS Pago Pago and the Manu'a islands, American Samoa; Honolulu, Hawaii; Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS 80 self-reported Samoan(More)
On November 8th, 2001, faculty from Universities, government and non-profit community organizations met to determine how, separately and together, they could address disparities in survival of women with breast cancer in the diverse patient populations served by their institutions. Studies and initiatives directed at increasing access had to date met modest(More)
The groundwork for the Pacific Islander cancer control network (PICCN) began in the early 1990s with a study of the cancer control needs of American Samoans. The necessity for similar studies among other Pacific Islander populations led to the development of PICCN. The project's principal objectives were to increase cancer awareness and to enhance cancer(More)