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Hypertension is an important public health challenge worldwide. Information on the burden of disease from hypertension is essential in developing effective prevention and control strategies. An up-to-date and comprehensive assessment of the evidence concerning hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa is lacking. A literature search of the PUBMED database was(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and establish the levels of detection, treatment, and control among urban civil servants in Ghana. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1015 urban civil servants aged > or = 25 years from seven randomly selected central government ministries in Accra, Ghana.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Rates of stroke incidence and mortality vary across populations with important differences between socioeconomic groups worldwide. Knowledge of existing disparities in stroke risk is important for effective stroke prevention and management strategies. This review updates the evidence for associations between socioeconomic status and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, distribution and risk factors of hypertension among rural residents in Ghana. DESIGN AND SETTING Cross sectional study in four rural communities in the Ga District of Ghana. SUBJECTS AND METHODS All adults aged > or = 18 years in four rural communities were asked to participate. The average of two blood pressure(More)
BACKGROUND Low levels of detection, treatment and control of hypertension have repeatedly been reported from sub Saharan Africa, potentially increasing the likelihood of target organ damage. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1015 urban civil servants aged > or = 25 years from seven central government ministries in Accra, Ghana. Participants(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution of obesity and its association with pre-adult wealth and adult socio-economic factors in urban Ghanaian civil servants. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study of urban civil servants. METHODS A total of 1015 (615 men and 400 women) civil servants aged 25 years and above employed in seven central government(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically review current smoking prevalence among adults in sub-Saharan Africa from 2007 to May 2014 and to describe the context of tobacco control strategies in these countries. DATA SOURCES Five databases, Medline, Embase, Africa-wide Information, Cinahl Plus, and Global Health were searched using a systematic search strategy. There(More)
BACKGROUND Most European countries are ethnically and culturally diverse. Globally, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death. The major risk factors for CVD have been well established. This picture holds true for all regions of the world and in different ethnic groups. However, the prevalence of CVD and related risk factors vary among(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is becoming a common health problem worldwide with increasing life expectancy and increasing prevalence of risk factors. Epidemiological data on hypertension in Ghana is necessary to guide policy and develop effective interventions. METHODS A review of population-based studies on hypertension in Ghana was conducted by a search of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the morbidity and mortality in adult in-patients with stroke admitted to the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH). METHODS A retrospective study of in-patients with stroke admitted to the KATH, from January 2006 to december 2007 was undertaken. Data from admission and discharge registers were analysed to determine stroke morbidity(More)