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Using the novel rat retinal-vitreal model we have investigated the effect of metabotropic glutamate receptor activation on amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism. The release of low mol. wt fragments of APP, at 15-23 kDa in particular, was markedly up-regulated by the metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist (1S,3R)-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentane dicarboxylic(More)
Injection of the glutamate agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate into the vitreous body of the rat eye resulted in a number of morphological changes in the retina. Most apparent was a dramatic reduction in the density and sizes of neurons accompanied by a decrease in amyloid precursor protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity. Cell counts revealed(More)
Injection of the glutamate agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) into the vitreous body of rats resulted in severe degeneration of neurons in the retina, with a loss of 81% of ganglion cells and 43% of non-ganglion cells. The cocktail EM-X is a novel antioxidant drink derived from ferment of unpolished rice, papaya and sea-weeds with effective microorganisms(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and S100B calcium binding protein B (S100B) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Both are present in and around senile plaques and have been shown to increase levels of amyloid precursor protein (APP) mRNA in vitro. However, it is not known how either of these substances affects APP in vivo.(More)
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