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Sickle cell disease (SCD), a genetically-determined pathology due to an amino acid substitution (i.e., valine for glutamic acid) on the beta-chain of hemoglobin, is characterized by abnormal blood rheology and periods of painful vascular occlusive crises. Sickle cell trait (SCT) is a typically benign variant in which only one beta chain is affected by the(More)
BACKGROUND Extended sitting time at work is viewed as a crucial public health issue. Encouraging workers to stand during their office hours via the installation of standing desks maybe one effective option to combat this. Here, we investigate whether the installation of high desks in the workplace can induce positive changes in the amount of physical(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that trained sickle cell trait (SCT) carriers are not subjected to greater risk of rhabdomyolysis or renal failure in response to moderate submaximal exercise than subjects with normal hemoglobin (CONT). Blood markers in 11 trained SCT carriers and 12 control counterparts were measured before and after 40 min of exercise at(More)
BACKGROUND The principal determinants of oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics are controversial, with dynamic changes in central and peripheral factors mediating oxygen supply and utilisation suggested to be limiting. The aim of this study was to determine whether important parameters of blood rheology were related to the exercise-induced time-course changes in VO2(More)
PURPOSE To prevent malpractices, medical staff has adopted inventory time-outs and/or checklists. Accurate inventory and maintenance of surgical instruments decreases the risk of operating room miscounting and malfunction. In our previous study, an individual management of surgical instruments was accomplished using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)(More)
OBJECTIVE Provide in vivo blood clot hardening evolution with ultrasound using supersonic imaging of shear waves. METHODS We conducted a prospective study in flow stasis-induced venous thrombosis within jugular veins of white female New Zealand rabbits. Blood clot elasticity was noninvasively measured in vivo using the Young's modulus (in kilopascals), on(More)
We compared routine coagulation markers in six sickle cell trait carriers ((SCT, or AS hemoglobinopathy)--the heterozygous form of sickle cell anemia) and six subjects with normal hemoglobin before and after a prolonged and intense exercise. Blood was sampled at rest and at the end of the entire exercise test to measure coagulation markers (prothrombin(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that red blood cell aggregation and the ratio of hematocrit to blood viscosity (HVR), an index of the oxygen transport potential of blood, might considerably modulate blood flow dynamics in the microcirculation. It thus seems likely that these factors could play a role in sickle cell disease. DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the effects of exercise on soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) in sickle cell trait (SCT) athletes with or without alpha-thalassemia. Six athletes with SCT, seven athletes with both SCT and alpha-thalassemia (SCTAT), and seven control athletes (Cont)(More)
Strenuous exercise is associated with an inflammatory response involving the activation of several types of blood cells. In order to document the specific activation of these cell types, we studied the effect of three maximal exercise tests conducted to exhaustion on the quantitative and qualitative pattern of circulating cell-derived microparticles and(More)