Julien S. Senac

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All studies using human serotype 5 Adenovirus (Ad) vectors must address two major obstacles: safety and the presence of pre-existing neutralizing antibodies. Helper-Dependent (HD) Ads have been proposed as alternative vectors for gene therapy and vaccine development because they have an improved safety profile. To evaluate the potential of HD-Ad vaccines,(More)
Liver tropism of systemically delivered adenoviruses (Ad) represents a considerable challenge for their use as anticancer therapeutics. More than 90% of i.v. injected Ad is rapidly taken up by the liver leading to hepatotoxicity, reduced virus uptake by target tumor tissue, and diminished therapeutic efficacy. The lack of clinical activity of systemically(More)
Oncolytic virotherapy makes use of the natural ability of viruses to infect and kill cancer cells. Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) has been approved for use in humans as a therapy for solid cancers. In this study, we have tested whether Ad5 and low-seroprevalence adenoviruses can be used as oncolytics for multiple myeloma (MM). We show that Ad5 productively(More)
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), an inherited metabolic disorder caused by deficient activity of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, carries a poor prognosis for long-term survival. While administration of a recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 8 vector (rAAV8) can rescue Mut−/− mice from neonatal lethality and provide sustained phenotypic correction, translation(More)
Purpose: Oncolytic viruses are self-amplifying anticancer agents that make use of the natural ability of viruses to kill cells. Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) has been extensively tested against solid cancers, but less so against B-cell cancers because these cells do not generally express the coxsackie and adenoviral receptor (CAR). To determine whether other(More)
PURPOSE Oncolytic viruses are self-amplifying anticancer agents that make use of the natural ability of viruses to kill cells. Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) has been extensively tested against solid cancers, but less so against B-cell cancers because these cells do not generally express the coxsackie and adenoviral receptor (CAR). To determine whether other(More)
after reinjection (lanes 6 through 9). The mitochondrial loading control shows approximately the same intensity in each sample. (d) Mut expression in kidney extracts prepared from Mut +/-and Mut-/-mice after systemic re-administration of rAAV9-CBA-mMut at 1 year of life. The animals are the same group studied in (c). 30 g of clarified whole kidney extracts(More)
Propionic acidemia (PA) is a metabolic disorder that causes mental retardation and that can be fatal if untreated. PA is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion involving mutations in PCCA or PCCB encoding the alpha and beta subunits of propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC). Current treatment is based on dietary restriction of substrate amino acids, which(More)
Propionic acidemia (PA) is an autosomal recessive disorder of metabolism caused by a deficiency of propionyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (PCC). Despite optimal dietary and cofactor therapy, PA patients still suffer from lethal metabolic instability and experience multisystemic complications. A murine model of PA (Pcca(-/-)) of animals that uniformly die within(More)
The treatment of certain diseases will require the systemic delivery of therapeutic genes or viruses. In most cases, intravascular injection is the best delivery method to achieve the systemic distribution of viruses and to enable these agents to reach distant therapeutic sites. However, viruses administered by intravascular injection encounter overlapping(More)