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Immune challenge to the insect Podisus maculiventris induces synthesis of a 21-residue peptide with sequence homology to frog skin antimicrobial peptides of the brevinin family. The insect and frog peptides have in common a C-terminally located disulfide bridge delineating a cationic loop. The peptide is bactericidal and fungicidal, exhibiting the largest(More)
Mutations were identified in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1) in approximately 15% of patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Transgenic animals expressing mutant SOD1 in all tissues develop an ALS-like phenotype. To determine whether neuron-specific expression of mutant SOD1 is sufficient to produce such a phenotype, we generated(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal infection during pregnancy is a recognized risk factor for the occurrence of a broad spectrum of psychiatric and neurologic disorders, including schizophrenia, autism, and cerebral palsy. Prenatal exposure of rats to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leads to impaired learning and psychotic-like behavior in mature offspring, together with an(More)
Neuroprostanes are lipid mediators produced by nonenzymatic free radical peroxidation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). DHA is associated with a lower atherosclerosis risk, suggesting a beneficial role in cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of DHA peroxidation on its potentially antiarrhythmic properties (AAP) in(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial aneurysms (IA) are dilatations of intracranial arteries that occur most commonly at arterial bifurcations. Unruptured IA are present in approximately 1-2% of the population aged over 30 years of age. Aneurysms are only rarely symptomatic unless they rupture, which typically results in a subarachnoid haemorrhage associated with high(More)
The effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on the spontaneous and TRH-induced TSH release were investigated in vitro on perifused rat pituitaries. The dynamic pattern of TSH release was measured in response to a 6-min pulse of TRH (10 nM) with or without GABA addition. GABA had no effect on spontaneous TSH release but exhibited a dual effect on(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities without intervening brain parenchyma. Mutations in the gene PDCD10 have been found in CCM families linked to the CCM3 locus. The authors screened this gene in 15 families that did not have a CCM1 or CCM2 mutation. Only two novel mutations were found,(More)
Mean firing rate estimation is an important step in electromyographic (EMG) signals analysis. Its application is of great interest for the conception and implementation of algorithms in various research domains, ranging from neuromuscular diseases diagnosis to biomechanics. The proposed work is focused on the study of the intrinsic cyclostationary(More)
There is now increasing evidence that Ca2+ serves as the first messenger for the prompt and non-genomic effects of 3,5,3' triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) in several tissues. We have previously shown that the first phase of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) release in response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) can be potentiated by messengers of hypothalamic(More)
Rat thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) prohormone contains five copies of the TRH progenitor sequence Gln-His-Pro-Gly linked together by connecting sequences whose biological activity is unknown. Both the predicted connecting peptide prepro-TRH-(160-169) (Ps4) and TRH are predominant storage forms of TRH precursor-related peptides in the hypothalamus. To(More)