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The influence of an exercise training program and age on inflammatory cytokine production and CD14+cell-surface expression of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was examined in 60 younger and older subjects. Subjects were assigned to: young physically active (YPA, n = 15; 25.2 +/- 5.0 years), young physically inactive (YPI, n = 14;(More)
The adult subventricular zone (SVZ) is a potential source of precursor cells to replace neural cells lost during demyelination. To better understand the molecular events that regulate neural precursor cell responsiveness in this context we undertook a microarray and quantitative PCR based analysis of genes expressed within the SVZ during cuprizone-induced(More)
STUDY DESIGN In vitro studies using isolated guinea pig spinal cord. OBJECTIVES To develop an alternative model using isolated guinea pig spinal cord, which can be used to screen antioxidants for in vivo SCI treatment. SETTING Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA. METHODS The compression injury was(More)
This study examined the axonal transport of substance P-like immunoreactivity (SPLI) and its content in dorsal root ganglion, trigeminal ganglion, stomach and ileum of non-diabetic rats and two groups of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes of 9 months duration. One diabetic group received the aldose reductase inhibitor 'Statil' throughout the period(More)
Retrograde transport of the fluorescent dyes Evans blue and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenyl indole (DAPI) has been used to study projections from the medullary raphe nuclei to the trigeminal nucleus caudalis and to the dorsolateral quadrant of the thoracolumbar cord in the rat. The majority of projecting neurones were found in n. raphe magnus (NRM) and its(More)
Three commercially available preparations of human immunoglobulin for intravenous use (IVIgG), namely Gamimune N. Sandoglobulin and Intraglobin F, were tested for their ability to modulate human neutrophil function in vitro. IVIgG consistently stimulated the neutrophil respiratory burst at concentrations of 0.5 to 1 mg/ml, concentrations readily achieved in(More)
Web 2.0 technologies provide an opportunity to transform learning into a social experience: social learning can directly benefit from user-generated content analysis. The e-book device is an object central to the learning process; it becomes an ideal medium to promote innovative learning tools. In this paper, we describe how we leverage user generated(More)
The distribution of alpha-casein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), myoglobin and recombinant protective antigen (rPA) in mono-valent and combination vaccines containing aluminum hydroxide adjuvant was studied by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Green and red fluorescent probes were conjugated to the antigens. Adsorption isotherms of the fluorescently(More)
A pharmacological study was undertaken to determine whether the noradrenaline-stimulated breakdown of inositol phospholipids and the potentiation of isoprenaline-stimulated cyclic AMP by noradrenaline in rat cerebral cortex slices are mediated by the same alpha-receptor subtype. The rank order of potency of a range of alpha 1 and alpha 2 antagonists(More)