Julien Piron

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Nearly a hundred different KCNQ1 mutations have been reported as leading to the cardiac long QT syndrome, characterized by prolonged QT interval, syncopes, and sudden death. We have previously shown that phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) regulates the KCNQ1-KCNE1 complex. In the present study, we show that PIP2 affinity is reduced in three KCNQ1(More)
KCNQ1 osmosensitivity is of physiological and pathophysiological relevance in epithelial and cardiac cells, but the mechanism involved remains elusive. In COS-7 cells expressing the KCNE1-KCNQ1 fusion protein, extracellular hypoosmolarity and hyperosmolarity modify the channel biophysical parameters. These changes are consistent with hypoosmolarity(More)
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) is a phospholipid that has been shown to modulate several ion channels, including some voltage-gated channels like Kv11.1 (hERG). From a biophysical perspective, the mechanisms underlying this regulation are not well characterized. From a physiological perspective, it is critical to establish whether the PIP(2)(More)
This technical note investigates the involvement of microbubble attenuation and destruction in sonoporation mechanisms. First, we evaluate sonoporation efficiency using Vevo Micromarker, and a comparison is made with BR14 and SonoVue microbubbles. Then, the acoustical properties of the microbubbles are measured to gain insight into the sonoporation(More)
Complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) and related ventricular bradycardia are known to induce ventricular hypertrophy and arrhythmias. Different animal models of CAVB have been established with the most common being the dog model. Related studies were mainly focused on the consequences on the main repolarizing currents in these species, i.e. IKr and IKs,(More)
Monoclonal anti-progesterone antibodies were raised by immunizing mice with progesterone coupled through either the C3, C6 or C11 positions to protein carrier (bovine serum albumin, BSA). The specificity of four antibodies for a range of steroids related to progesterone, some carrying substitutions at various ring positions, was studied by competitive(More)
INTRODUCTION Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) is a cofactor necessary for the activity of KCNQ1 channels. Some Long QT mutations of KCNQ1, including R243H, R539W and R555C have been shown to decrease KCNQ1 interaction with PIP2. A previous study suggested that R539W is paradoxically less sensitive to intracellular magnesium inhibition than the(More)
We hypothesized that a nonviral gene delivery of the hyperpolarization-activated HCN2 channel combined with the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) would generate a functional pacemaker in a mouse model of complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) induced by radiofrequency ablation of the His bundle. Plasmids encoding HCN2 and ADRB2 mixed with tetronic 304, a(More)
OBJECTIVE The K(+) channel encoded by the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) is crucial for repolarization in the human heart. In order to investigate the impact of HERG current (I(Kr)) on the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias, we generated a transgenic mouse expressing HERG specifically in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS ECG recordings at baseline(More)
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