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The inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAPs) regulate programmed cell death by inhibiting members of the caspase family of enzymes. Recently, a mammalian protein called Smac (also named DIABLO) was identified that binds to the IAPs and promotes caspase activation. Although undefined in the X-ray structure, the amino-terminal residues of Smac are critical for(More)
A 16-kDa lactose-binding lectin comprises 5% or more of the soluble protein in Xenopus laevis skin. This lectin is mainly localized in the cytoplasm of granular gland cells. In response to stress, the lectin along with a variety of toxic and antibiotic peptides are released onto the skin surface by holocrine secretion. We have purified the lectin, sequenced(More)
The inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) regulate the caspase family of cysteine proteases, which play an important role in the execution of programmed cell death. Human X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is a potent inhibitor of caspases-3, -7, and -9. Here we show that the Bir3 domain is the minimal region of XIAP that is needed for potent(More)
The STAT transcription factors form a family of signal transducers and activators of transcription. We sequenced the bovine STAT5B cDNA and both STAT5-encoding genes, STAT5A and STAT5B, representing the first complete description of any STAT5-encoding gene. DNA fiber FISH hybridization revealed that the genes reside only 40 kbp apart on BTA19. Both genes(More)
Of the multiple soluble lactose-binding (S-Lac) lectins in rat intestine, the major one, tentatively designated RI-H, was previously isolated as a polypeptide of molecular weight approximately 17,000. We here report the sequence of RI-H, as determined both at the peptide level and at the nucleotide level. Surprisingly the cDNA encodes a protein of molecular(More)
We illustrate how linear algebra calculations can be enhanced by statistical techniques in the case of a square linear system <i>Ax</i>&thinsp;=&thinsp;<i>b</i>. We study a random transformation of <i>A</i> that enables us to avoid pivoting and then to reduce the amount of communication. Numerical experiments show that this randomization can be performed at(More)
A lactose-binding lectin from rat lung (RL-29) and a related lectin from Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells have been analyzed with the primary goal of identifying post-translational modifications. The sequences show that RL-29 and the dog lectin are homologues of a lectin designated here as L-29 and elsewhere as CBP-35, epsilon BP, Mac-2, or L-34.(More)
A monomeric rat beta-galactoside-binding lectin previously purified from extracts of rat lung has been localized to erythrocytes, and the cDNA encoding it has been isolated from a rat reticulocyte cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence of the cDNA predicts a protein with a M(r) of 16,199, with no evidence of a signal peptide. The deduced sequence is(More)
Telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein complex is activated in the vast majority of human malignancies, including prostate cancer. Its inhibition is a putative way to affect cancer proliferation and might be used in the therapy of tumors. We analysed the influence of antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides (PTO) against the reverse transcriptase subunit of(More)
In vitro studies using highly purified calf thymus RNA polymerase II and a fragment spanning the first intron of H3.3 as template DNA have demonstrated the existence of a strong transcription termination site consisting of thymidine stretches. In this study, nuclear run-on experiments have been performed to assess the extent to which transcription(More)