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AIMS To investigate the physiological correlates of indices of RV function in a model of chronic pressure overload. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) was induced in piglets by ligation of the left pulmonary artery (PA) followed by weekly embolization of right lower lobe arteries for 5 weeks (the PH group, n = 11). These animals were(More)
AIMS The objective of this study was to determine the factors independently associated with septal curvature in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS Eighty-five consecutive patients with PAH who had an echocardiogram and a right heart catheterization within 24 hours of each others were included in the study. Septal curvature was(More)
The right ventricle (RV) faces major changes in loading conditions associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary vascular disorders. Despite major pharmacological advances since the last decade, pulmonary arterial hypertension remains a deadly disease mainly secondary to the development of right ventricular failure (RVF). Several experimental models of RVF(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular-arterial coupling is a measure of the relationship between ventricular contractility and afterload. We sought to determine the relationship between ventricular-arterial coupling and right ventricular (RV) remodeling in a novel porcine model of progressive pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS Chronic PH was induced in pigs by(More)
Right ventricular (RV) response to exercise or pharmacological stress is not well documented in pulmonary hypertension (PH). We investigated the relationship between RV reserve and ventricular-arterial coupling. Surgical ligation of the left pulmonary artery was performed in 13 Large White piglets (PH group), thereafter weekly embolisations of the right(More)
Infectious arteritis is an insidious condition commonly associated with a long diagnostic delay. We report the management of extensive pneumococcal thoracic aortitis in a 64-year-old woman. The frozen elephant trunk procedure was performed to repair the aortic arch. Prolonged aortic wall cultures were positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae. Late follow-up(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary microvascular disease (PMD) develops in both occluded and non-occluded territories in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and may cause persistent pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are potential PMD severity biomarkers, but it remains(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated our surgical strategy and clinical results in patients from active infective endocarditis (AIE) complicated by paravalvular involvement to determine the risk factors of early and late death and reoperation. METHODS From October 1979 to December 2014, 955 patients underwent operations for AIE; among them 207 had AIE with(More)
The right ventricle (RV) has to face major changes in loading conditions due to cardiovascular diseases and pulmonary vascular disorders. Clinical experience supports evidence that the RV better compensates for volume than for pressure overload, and for chronic than for acute changes. For a long time, right ventricular (RV) pathophysiology has been(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a major factor limiting long-term survival after heart transplantation (HTx). Specific determinants of CAV and long-term outcome after CAV occurrence have been poorly investigated after heart-lung transplantation (HLTx). METHODS Between January 1996 and December 2006, 79 patients underwent HLTx (36.3 ±(More)