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The morphogen Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) controls the generation of oligodendrocyte (OLs) during embryonic development and regulates OL production in adulthood in the cortex and corpus callosum. The roles of Shh in CNS repair following lesions associated with demyelinating diseases are still unresolved. Here, we address this issue by using a model of focal(More)
Since the discovery of the segment polarity gene Hedgehog in Drosophila three decades ago, our knowledge of Hedgehog signaling pathway has considerably improved and paved the way to a wide field of investigations in the developing and adult central nervous system. Its peculiar transduction mechanism together with its implication in tissue patterning, neural(More)
In the adult brain, self-renewal is essential for the persistence of neural stem cells (NSCs) throughout life, but its regulation is still poorly understood. One NSC can give birth to two NSCs or one NSC and one transient progenitor. A correct balance is necessary for the maintenance of germinal areas, and understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying(More)
The Hedgehog morphogen aroused an enormous interest since it was characterized as an essential signal for ventral patterning of the spinal cord two decades ago. The pathway is notably implicated in the initial appearance of the progenitors of oligodendrocytes (OPCs), the glial cells of the central nervous system which after maturation are responsible for(More)
Development and repair of the nervous system are based on the existence of neural stem cells (NSCs) able to generate neurons and glial cells. Among the mechanisms that are involved in the control of embryo or adult NSCs, the Notch signalling plays a major role. In embryo, the pathway participates in the maintenance of NSCs during all steps of development of(More)
The transgenic plp-GFP mouse line expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) driven by the mouse myelin proteolipid protein (plp) gene promoter has been previously used to study the contribution of the plp lineage to oligodendrocyte development in the embryonic brain. Here, we show that the GFP fluorescence reflects the developmental expression of(More)
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