Julien Delmas

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Some Escherichia coli strains produce toxins designated cyclomodulins (CMs) which interfere with the eukaryotic cell cycle of host cells, suggesting a possible link between these bacteria and cancers. There are relatively few data available concerning the colonization of colon tumors by cyclomodulin- and genotoxic-producing E. coli. We did a qualitative and(More)
Five different strains of bacteria belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae were isolated from two patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit of the Central Military Hospital of Algiers, Algeria. All five strains, one Providencia stuartii strain, two Escherichia coli strains, and two Klebsiella pneumoniae strains, were intermediate or resistant to(More)
Real-time polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were used to characterize a 506-bp-long DNA fragment internal to the gyrB gene (gyrBint). The sequences obtained from 32 Enterobacteriaceae-type strains and those available in the Genbank nucleotide sequence database (n = 24) were used as a database to identify 240 clinical enterobacteria isolates. Sequence(More)
The genus Staphylococcus is made up of 36 validated species which contain strains that are pathogenic, saprophytic, or used as starter cultures for the food industry. An oligonucleotide array targeting the manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (sodA) gene was developed to overcome the drawbacks of the conventional methods of identification. Divergences(More)
Whole-cell fingerprinting by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) in combination with a dedicated bioinformatic software tool (MALDI Biotyper 2.0) was used to identify 152 staphylococcal strains corresponding to 22 staphylococcal species. Spectra of the 152 isolates, previously identified at the species(More)
In 2004, 65 CTX-M-producing Escherichia coli isolates were collected from infected patients in four French hospitals. The blaCTX-M-15 genes were predominant. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis highlighted a clonal propagation of CTX-M-15-producing strains belonging to phylogenetic group B2, notably in the community. The main risk factors for acquiring these(More)
beta-Lactamases represent the major resistance mechanism of gram-negative bacteria against beta-lactam antibiotics. The amino acid sequences of these proteins vary widely, but all are located in the periplasm of bacteria. In this study, we investigated the translocation mechanism of representative beta-lactamases in an Escherichia coli model. N-terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli strains harbouring the pks island (pks+ E. coli) are often seen in human colorectal tumours and have a carcinogenic effect independent of inflammation in an AOM/IL-10(-/-) (azoxymethane/interleukin) mouse model. OBJECTIVE To investigate the mechanism sustaining pks+ E. coli-induced carcinogenesis. METHOD Underlying cell(More)
We report the direct genotyping analysis of Toxoplasma gondii in ocular samples collected from 20 patients, as well as associated clinical and epidemiological data. This work was aimed at better understanding the impact of genotypes of Toxoplasma gondii strains on toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. For this purpose, we studied the aqueous humor (AH) or vitreous(More)
We compared ChromID VRE medium with Enterococcosel containing vancomycin for the detection of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus in 1,007 specimens. ChromID VRE in combination with Gram straining provided a higher specificity than Enterococcosel, irrespective of the incubation time and enrichment.