Julien Davidson

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The aim of this prospective, double-centre, observational study performed in 116 patients was to describe a new anterior approach of ultrasound-guided intermediate cervical plexus block for carotid endarterectomy. The median (IQR [range]) volume of ropivacaine 0.5% administered was 30 (25-30 [20-45]) ml. Supplemental local anaesthesia (infiltration and(More)
Nine previously untrained health professionals learned to measure cardiac output (Qt) by suprasternal continuous-wave Doppler ultrasound (QtDopp) and by thoracic bioimpedance (Qtbi). Each received standardized written, videotaped, and individual instruction. First the novice, then the reference examiner, measured QtDopp or Qtbi in triplicate in an adult(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to other types of shock, anaphylactic shock decreases cerebral blood flow more than would be expected from severe arterial hypotension, thus potentially affecting survival through brain ischaemia/hypoxia. We hypothesised that epinephrine (EPI) used as a first-line treatment of anaphylactic shock and arginine vasopressin (AVP) proposed(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesia/nociception index (ANI) is derived from heart rate variability, ranging from 0 (maximal nociception) to 100 (maximal analgesia), to reflect the analgesia/nociception balance during general anaesthesia. This should be correlated with immediate postoperative pain in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU). The aim of this study was to(More)
The influence of two different doses of oral naltrexone on the adverse effects and the analgesia of epidural morphine were compared in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Forty-five patients undergoing cesarean section were provided postoperative analgesia with 4 mg epidural morphine. Five minutes later they received 6 mg naltrexone, 9 mg naltrexone,(More)
The effects of acute reduction in arterial blood pressure in severe anaphylactic shock (AS) on cerebral blood flow are of paramount importance to be investigated. We studied cerebral circulation and oxygenation in a model of severe AS and compared it with a pharmacologically induced arterial hypotension of similar magnitude. Anaphylactic shock was induced(More)
The safety and efficacy of captopril plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) were compared to nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) in 145 randomly assigned black patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Following a 4-week placebo lead-in, patients received captopril plus HCTZ 25/15 mg or nifedipine GITS 30 mg for up to 12 weeks. Upward dose(More)
The effects of epidural bupivacaine/butorphanol with and without 1:300,000 epinephrine on maternal analgesia, uterine activity, progress of labor, fetal heart rate, maternal blood pressure, newborn Apgar scores, neonatal acid base status and the neurologic and adaptive capacity scores (NACS) were compared in 33 parturients during labor and delivery.(More)
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