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Immunohistochemical localization of placental alkaline phosphatase (PlAP) has been performed on eighty-two samples of normal (embryonic, fetal, infantile or adult), cryptorchid or tumorous testicular tissue. The isoenzyme could be demonstrated at the cell membrane of primitive, embryonic germ cells but not in other normal tissues. In-situ carcinomas and(More)
OBJECTIVE Inadequate vitamin D level is associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased bone turnover and bone loss, which in turn increases fracture risk. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of inadequate serum vitamin D levels in postmenopausal European women. There are no clear international agreements on what constitutes(More)
The exact role of calcitonin (CT) in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis remains unknown. Whole plasma calcitonin (iCT) basal levels, metabolic clearance rate (MCR), and production rate (PR) of CT were measured in 9 premenopausal and 16 postmenopausal women, including 11 osteoporotics (OP). Basal iCT levels were statistically lower in(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the relationship between the levels of urinary biochemical markers of type II collagen degradation and the clinical and radiological severity and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD Seventy-five patients with primary knee OA were included in this 3-year follow-up study. Mean joint space width (JSW) of the medial(More)
Osteoarthritis affects the whole joint structure with progressive changes in cartilage, menisci, ligaments and subchondral bone, and synovial inflammation. Biomarkers are being developed to quantify joint remodelling and disease progression. This article was prepared following a working meeting of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of(More)
Fibroblast Growth Factors 3 (FGF-3) and 4 (FGF-4) were compared for the effects they each exert on EF43 mouse cells. This non-transformed mammary cell line appears to be myoepithelial mainly because it expresses alpha-smooth muscle actin. The EF43 cells were infected with similar vectors that carry either the short fgf-3 sequence (the product of which goes(More)
76 healthy women, who had been menopausal for less than 96 months and who had never received any form of treatment to prevent bone loss, were entered into a randomised double-blind study. For the first 6 months, half the patients received tiludronate 100 mg daily, while the others received placebo. During the second 6 months, all patients received placebo.(More)
In contrast to a polyclonal antiserum, a monoclonal antibody is specific to a single epitope on the surface of a complex antigen. In 1975, Kohler and Milstein produced the first monoclonal antibodies by using a method which rapidly became a key technology in immunology. By fusing activated antibody-forming cells (B cells) with myeloma cells, they obtained(More)
SUMMARY Vertebral fractures are a major adverse consequence of osteoporosis. In a large placebo-controlled trial in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, strontium ranelate reduced vertebral fracture risk by 33% over 4 years, confirming the role of strontium ranelate as an effective long-term treatment in osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION Osteoporotic(More)
In the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial, 7705 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, defined by low bone mineral density and/or prevalent vertebral fractures (VF), were randomized to placebo or raloxifene (60 or 120 mg/day). All women received daily calcium (500 mg) and vitamin D (400-600 IU) supplements. Our previous analyses found(More)