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OBJECTIVE Inadequate vitamin D level is associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased bone turnover and bone loss, which in turn increases fracture risk. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of inadequate serum vitamin D levels in postmenopausal European women. There are no clear international agreements on what constitutes(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the relationship between the levels of urinary biochemical markers of type II collagen degradation and the clinical and radiological severity and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD Seventy-five patients with primary knee OA were included in this 3-year follow-up study. Mean joint space width (JSW) of the medial(More)
Immunohistochemical localization of placental alkaline phosphatase (PlAP) has been performed on eighty-two samples of normal (embryonic, fetal, infantile or adult), cryptorchid or tumorous testicular tissue. The isoenzyme could be demonstrated at the cell membrane of primitive, embryonic germ cells but not in other normal tissues. In-situ carcinomas and(More)
In contrast to a polyclonal antiserum, a monoclonal antibody is specific to a single epitope on the surface of a complex antigen. In 1975, Kohler and Milstein produced the first monoclonal antibodies by using a method which rapidly became a key technology in immunology. By fusing activated antibody-forming cells (B cells) with myeloma cells, they obtained(More)
SUMMARY Vertebral fractures are a major adverse consequence of osteoporosis. In a large placebo-controlled trial in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, strontium ranelate reduced vertebral fracture risk by 33% over 4 years, confirming the role of strontium ranelate as an effective long-term treatment in osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION Osteoporotic(More)
Osteoarthritis affects the whole joint structure with progressive changes in cartilage, menisci, ligaments and subchondral bone, and synovial inflammation. Biomarkers are being developed to quantify joint remodelling and disease progression. This article was prepared following a working meeting of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relation between biochemical markers of bone, cartilage, and synovial remodelling and the structural progression of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS 62 patients of both sexes with knee osteoarthritis were followed prospectively for one year. From magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), done at baseline and after one year, the volume and(More)
In the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial, 7705 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, defined by low bone mineral density and/or prevalent vertebral fractures (VF), were randomized to placebo or raloxifene (60 or 120 mg/day). All women received daily calcium (500 mg) and vitamin D (400-600 IU) supplements. Our previous analyses found(More)
The effect of propofol on the toxicity induced by glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA), and amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) was investigated on cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurons. The degree of neuronal injury was quantified by measuring the release of the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) into the culture(More)
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms through which estrogen prevents bone loss was a modulation on secretion or release of various cytokines that are known to influence bone remodeling, even if(More)