Julien Collette

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Second-generation antipsychotics (SGA), especially clozapine and olanzapine, are associated with an increased metabolic risk. Recent research showed that plasma adiponectin levels, an adipocyte-derived hormone that increases insulin sensitivity, vary in the same way in schizophrenic patients as in the general population according to gender, adiposity and(More)
The effect of propofol on the toxicity induced by glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA), and amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) was investigated on cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurons. The degree of neuronal injury was quantified by measuring the release of the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) into the culture(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, several studies showed increased rates of hyperglycaemia, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome as well as cardiovascular disease in schizophrenic patients. The underlying mechanism, however, is poorly understood. Adiponectin is a recently identified adipocyte-derived protein, with low adiponectin levels being associated(More)
76 healthy women, who had been menopausal for less than 96 months and who had never received any form of treatment to prevent bone loss, were entered into a randomised double-blind study. For the first 6 months, half the patients received tiludronate 100 mg daily, while the others received placebo. During the second 6 months, all patients received placebo.(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate serum vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism, increased bone turnover and bone loss, which increase fracture risk. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of inadequate serum 25(OH)D concentrations in postmenopausal Belgian women. Opinions with regard to the definition of(More)
Enolase in cerebrospinal fluid is a sensitive marker for many types of neurological injuries including head injury and ischemia. We assessed neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as a quantitative and specific biochemical marker of neuronal damage in an experimental model of kainate neurotoxicity. Rat hippocampal cultures were treated with various concentrations of(More)
The frequency of gross cystic breast disease in premenopausal women and its possible association with increased breast cancer risk emphasize the importance of investigations relating to breast cyst fluid composition. In order to contribute to a better analysis of this medium, we have measured four proteins the presence of which in human milk was well(More)
Using as a model system, primary cultures of porcine Leydig cells, we have shown that transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) (2 ng/ml, 72 h) antagonizes the stimulatory action of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) on luteinizing hormone (LH/hCG) receptors. We therefore investigated the action of TGF-beta 1 on the different components of the IGF(More)
OBJECTIVE Long-term glucocorticoid use is accompanied by rapid bone loss; however, early treatment with bisphosphonates prevents bone loss and reduces fracture risk. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two bisphosphonates, i.v. zoledronic acid (ZOL) versus oral risedronate (RIS), on bone turnover markers (BTMs) in subjects with(More)
The protective effect of astrocytes on hippocampal neurons against kainate-induced toxicity was investigated using neuron-specific enolase as an indicator of neuronal death. Astrocyte-rich and astrocyte-poor mixed rat hippocampal cultures were submitted to various concentrations of kainate. At each kainate concentration, the amount of NSE released by(More)