Julien Cisonni

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In physical modeling of phonation, the pressure drop along the glottal constriction is classically assessed with the glottal geometry and the subglottal pressure as known input parameters. Application of physical modeling to study phonation abnormalities and pathologies requires input parameters related to in vivo measurable quantities commonly(More)
This paper analyzes the capability of a mucosal wave model of the vocal fold to predict values of phonation threshold lung pressure. Equations derived from the model are fitted to pressure data collected from a mechanical replica of the vocal folds. The results show that a recent extension of the model to include an arbitrary delay of the mucosal wave in(More)
Physical modelling of phonation requires a mechanical description of the vocal fold coupled to a description of the flow within the glottis. In this study, an in-vitro set-up, allowing to reproduce flow conditions comparable to those of human glottal flow is used to systematically verify and discuss the relevance of the pressure and flow-rate predictions of(More)
The Petaflow project aims to contribute to the use of high performance computational resources to the benefit of society. To this goal the emergence of adequate information and communication technologies with respect to high performance computing-networking-visualisation and their mutual awareness is required. The developed technology and algorithms will be(More)
Repetitive brief episodes of soft-tissue collapse within the upper airway during sleep characterize obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), an extremely common and disabling disorder. Failure to maintain the patency of the upper airway is caused by the combination of sleep-related loss of compensatory dilator muscle activity and aerodynamic forces promoting closure.(More)
The ventricular bands are laryngeal structures located above and close to the glottis. Several hypotheses considering an aerodynamic interaction between the vocal folds and the ventricular bands during sound production can be found in the literature. The present work aims at studying and modelling such a possible interaction. In particular the influence on(More)
The pressure drop along the glottal constriction drives vocal folds self-sustained oscillations during phonation. Physical modeling of phonation is classically assessed with the glottal geometry and the subglottal pressure as known input parameters. Several studies including in-vitro validation show that simplified one-dimensional flow models allow(More)
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA), a sleeping disorder, is a serious health issue with significant public health implications. Due to the interrupted sleep, OSA patients suffer with excessive day-time sleepiness, fatigue and other health complexities that lead to on-road and work-related accidents and incur billions of dollars per year. Traditionally,(More)
The sound generated during the production of sibilant [s] results from the impact of a turbulent jet on the incisors. Physical modeling of this phenomenon depends on the characterization of the properties of the turbulent flow within the vocal tract and of the acoustic sources resulting from the presence of an obstacle in the path of the flow. The(More)